Kamran Mirza Nayeb es-Saltaneh

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Kamran Mirza
Na'eb-es-Saltaneh
شاهزاده کامران ميرزا
نائب‏السلطنه
Kamran Mirza.jpg
Prime Minister of Iran
In office
7 June 1908 – 29 April 1909
Monarch Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
Preceded by Morteza Gholi Khan Hedayat
Succeeded by Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni
Premier of Iran
In office
1 July 1880 – 22 February 1885
Preceded by Mirza Yusuf Khan Astiani
Succeeded by Mirza Yusuf Khan Astiani
Personal details
Born 22 July 1856
Gilan, Iran
Died 1927 (aged 71)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Justice Party
Religion Twelver Shi'a Islam

Kamran Mirza (July 22, 1856 – 1927) was the Persian Prince of Qajar Dynasty and third surviving son of Nasser al-Din Shah. He was brother of Mass'oud Mirza Zell-e Soltan and Mozzafar al-Din Shah. He is also the progenitor of Kamrani Family.

Biography[edit]

Kamran Mirza Nayeb es-Saltaneh, born 22 July 1856 at Tehran, was the son of Nasser al-Din Shah and brother of Mass'oud Mirza Zell-e Soltan and Mozzafar al-Din Mirza. His mother, Monir al-Saltaneh, was the daughter of the architect to the crown. Due to Nasser-ed-Din Shah's dislike of Mozaffar-ed-Din Mirza, he was the Shah's favored son for the succession but on account of the non-Qajar origin of his mother, like his other brother Mass'oud Mirza Zell-e Soltan, Kamran Mirza was not eligible for succession to the throne.

He was educated by private tutors and at the Imperial Military College in Tehran. In 1862, when he was 6, Nasser al-Din Shah appointed him as the governor of Tehran with the stewardship of Pasha Khan Amin ol-Molk. He styled Na'eb es-Saltaneh, Vice Regent, in 1867 before the Shah's trip to Khorasan and was given the title Amir Kabir, grand commander, the highest rank in the Qajar military, by his father in 1869. He was governor of Tehran 1862-1863 and 1875–1876, governor of Qazvin and Gilan 1878-1884, Mazandaran 1878-1884, Minister for War from 1869 to 1873, 1884, 1896.

The star of Kamran Mirza's fortunes plummeted, but it was not entirely eclipsed, after the assassination of Nasser al-Din Shah in 1896. His daughter, Malakeh Jahan, married to Mohammad Ali Mirza who later crowned as Mohammad Ali Shah. During the Constitutional Revolution he established the pro-court society. He was minister of war in 1908. In the reign of his grandson, Soltan Ahmad Shah He was Governor-General of Khorasan from 1916 to 1917.

Kamran Mirza Nayeb es-Saltaneh died in Tehran in 1927 and was buried in Qom.The Kamranieh district in the North Tehran belonged to him. He received the Order of the Royal Portrait, Temssaal-e Homayouni, from his father.

Honours[edit]

Offspring[edit]

Nayeb es-Saltaneh was married to 11 wives. His first wife, Sarvar ed-Dowleh was daughter of Morad Mirza Hessam es-Saltaneh Conqueror of Herat son of Abbas Mirza. They had 4 children, Princess Malakeh Jahan Wife of Mohammad Ali Shah and Mother of Soltan Ahmad Shah, Ma’ssoumeh Khanom died in her youth, Qamar-ol-Moluk died when she was 14 and Fath Ali Mirza died in 5. Kamran Mirza also had 19 children from his other wives, 9 daughters and 10 sons.

sons

  • Prince Fat'h Ali Mirza
  • Prince Mohammad Mehdi Mirza Zell-os-Saltaneh
  • Prince Abbas Mirza E'ezaz-es-Saltaneh
  • Prince Abdollah Mirza E'etezad Khaqan
  • Prince Hassan Ali Mirza Farrokh-od-Dowleh
  • Prince Soltan Salim Mirza Salar-e Aghdas
  • Prince Ebrahim Mirza Salar-e A'azam
  • Prince Mohmmad Reza Mirza Firouz-od-Dowleh
  • Prince Mohammad Baqer Mirza Amir Arf'a
  • Prince Hossein Ali Mirza Eghtedar-os-Saltaneh
  • Prince Mohammad Taqi Mirza Nosrat-ol-Soltan
  • Prince Mahmud Mirza Amir Akram

daughters

  • Princess Malakeh Jahan, Mother of Soltan Ahmad Shah
  • Princess Safieh Monir A'azam
  • Princess Mahtaban Mo'azaz A'azam
  • Princess Ensieh Houra
  • Princess Farrokh A'azam
  • Princess Banoo Olia
  • Princess Nayyer A'azam
  • Princess Fakhr-e Olia
  • Princess Negar-ol-Molouk
  • Princess Banoo Aghdas

References[edit]

  • Moayer-ol-Mamalek, Dustali (1982). Rejale Asre Nassery.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mirza Yusuf Khan Astiani
Premier of Iran
1880-1885
Succeeded by
Mirza Yusuf Khan Astiani
Preceded by
Morteza Gholi Khan Hedayat
Prime Minister of Iran
1908-1909
Succeeded by
Mohammad Vali Khan Tonekaboni