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Kamrupi Brahmins also Kamarupi Brahmana or Kamrupi Bamon; (Kāmarūpī Brāhmaṇa) (Sanskrit: कामरुपी ब्राह्मण) Brahmana, Brahma and Brahmin. Brahman, Brahmin and Brahma have different meanings. Brahman refers to the Supreme Self, Brahmin or Brahmana refers to an individual, while the word Brahma refers to the creative aspect of the universal consciousness, is a name used to designate a member of one of the four varnas in the traditional Hindu society. The English word Brahmin is an anglicised form of the Sanskrit word Brāhmana. In the Smriti view there are four "varnas", or classes: the Brahmins, the Kshatriyas, the Vaishyas, and Shudras.
Brahamanasaya Tapo Gyana
Tapa Kshatrasaya Rakshanam
Vaishyasya Tu Tapo Varta
Tapa Sudrasaya Sewanama
The pursuit of knowledge is the austerity of a Brahmana
Protecting the people is the austerity of a Kshatriya
The pursuit of his daily business is the austerity of a Vaishya
And service the austerity of a Sudra.
Brahmins of Kamrup or sometimes Western Assam, are known as Kamrupi Brahmins. Large chunk of this Brahmins lives natively in ancient urban areas of Guwahati, Nalbari and Barpeta. This Brahmins holds surnames Sarma/Sharma, Bhagawati, Bhattacharya, Chakraborty, Mishra, Shastri etc. Kamrupi Brahmins are Shakta and Vaishnava cult followers.
Portion of the copper-plate grant of Bhaskar Varman states Rigvedic, Samavedic and Yajurvedic Brahmins lived in Kamarupa before the time of Bhaskar Varman. Of these three classes of Brahmins the followers of the Bahvrichya branch of the Rigveda were divided into the gotras of Kasyapa, Kausika, Gautama, Parasarya, Bharadvaja, Varaha, Vatsya, Varhaspatya and Saunaka ; those following the Chhandoga branch of the Samaveda belonged to the gotras of Paskalya ; the followers of the Taittiriya branch of the Yajurveda belonged to the gotra of Kasyapa and those of the Charaka branch to the gotra of Katyayana ; the followers of the Vajasaneya branch belonged to the gotras of Angirasa, Alambayana, Gargya, Gautama, Bharadvaja, Yaska, Sakatayana, and Salankayana besides the six gotras mentioned before.
In all these three groups of Brahmanas living in Kamarupa had 26 gotras, but in after ages no traces could be found of the Samavedic and Rigvedic Brahmanas. Most probably they had changed their residence or their lines came to an end. The following lines occur in Raja Harendra Narayan's Raja vansabali —
"The Brahmanas living on the northern bank of the Lauhitya were all followers of the Yajurveda. They were all saddcharis and ritvijas (Vedic sacrificers)".
- Manu. Manu Smriti, Adhaya (Chapter) XI Sloka 236.