Kamshet

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Kamshet
city
Kamshet is located in Maharashtra
Kamshet
Kamshet
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°45′47″N 73°33′25″E / 18.763°N 73.557°E / 18.763; 73.557Coordinates: 18°45′47″N 73°33′25″E / 18.763°N 73.557°E / 18.763; 73.557
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Taluka Maval
Government
 • Type Grampanchayat
Elevation 670 m (2,200 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total Approx 20,000
Languages
 • Official Marathi
 • Other Marvarihindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kamshet is located in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India, 110 km from Mumbai City, and 45 km from Pune in Pune district. It is 16 km from the twin hill stations of Khandala and Lonavala[1] and is accessible by road and rail from Mumbai (Bombay) and Pune. The area around Kamshet is surrounded by scenery, and is home to small villages that are still built in the traditional style (with mud, thatch and reeds). This is main market of Maval. People from 60-70 villages coming there for market. Kamshet has very big market. On every Thuesday[clarification needed] there is Shopping day for vegetables. All surrounding villagers are coming in the city, that is very crowded day.

Transport[edit]

Kamshet railway station is located in the Western Ghats, off an ancient trade-route that once linked the west coast to the hinterland. The railway station runs parallel to the Indrayani River. The hills along this route are dotted with ancient cave temples, medieval hill fortresses and colonial hill stations.

National Highway is passing in village. This is also use for transport. Kamshet is second main city in the tahsil. Many people come to this city by public transport like auto, 6-seater vehicles, S.T. buses.

Kamshet serves as a railhead for many villages (Bhaja, Uksan, Kamra, etc.) in the western ghats. There is a regular MSRTC bus service from Kamshet to these villages as well. Since the early 20th century Kamshet has served as a market place for these villages.

Climate[edit]

Kamshet has a Cold semi-arid climate (BSh) bordering with tropical wet and dry (Aw) with average temperatures ranging between 20 to 26 °C (68 to 79 °F).

Kamshet experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon and a winter.

Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 28 to 36 °C (82 to 97 °F). The warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives very heavy thundershowers in May (and humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Kamshet's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.3 °C (108.1 °F) on 30 April 1897.[2]

The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 21 to 27 °C (70 to 81 °F). Most of the 722 mm (28.43 in) of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September, and July is the wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are also common in this region.

Winter begins in November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold (literal translation) (Marathi: गुलाबी थंडी). The daytime temperature hovers around 28 °C (82 °F) while night temperature is below 10 °C (50 °F) for most of December and January, often dropping to 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 °C (35 °F) on 17 January 1935.[3]

Climate data for Kamshet
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
35.3
(95.5)
39.8
(103.6)
42.3
(108.1)
41.7
(107.1)
39.8
(103.6)
33.7
(92.7)
31.6
(88.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.7
(98.1)
34.0
(93.2)
32.8
(91)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
31.9
(89.4)
35.4
(95.7)
37.7
(99.9)
36.9
(98.4)
31.7
(89.1)
28.4
(83.1)
27.4
(81.3)
29.4
(84.9)
31.4
(88.5)
30.1
(86.2)
28.9
(84)
31.59
(88.86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
22.0
(71.6)
25.6
(78.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.7
(85.5)
27.4
(81.3)
25.3
(77.5)
24.5
(76.1)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
22.3
(72.1)
20.2
(68.4)
24.7
(76.46)
Average low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
12.1
(53.8)
15.8
(60.4)
19.9
(67.8)
22.4
(72.3)
22.9
(73.2)
22.2
(72)
21.6
(70.9)
20.8
(69.4)
18.5
(65.3)
14.4
(57.9)
11.5
(52.7)
17.76
(63.96)
Record low °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.2
(41.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.3
(54.1)
14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
19.5
(67.1)
17.8
(64)
16.0
(60.8)
10.0
(50)
6.0
(42.8)
4.5
(40.1)
4.5
(40.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
11
(0.43)
40
(1.57)
138
(5.43)
163
(6.42)
129
(5.08)
155
(6.1)
68
(2.68)
28
(1.1)
4
(0.16)
741
(29.17)
Avg. precipitation days 0.1 0.3 0.3 1.1 3.3 10.9 17.0 16.2 10.9 5.0 2.4 0.3 67.8
 % humidity 56 46 36 36 48 70 79 82 78 64 58 58 59.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 291.4 282.8 300.7 303.0 316.2 186.0 120.9 111.6 177.0 248.0 270.0 288.3 2,895.9
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[4]

Demographics[edit]

Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language, while Hindi and English are understood and spoken widely. Kamshet having population with 60% Hindus. ] has jain majority. Kamshet also has a good Muslim population.

Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism are major religions in Kamshet with 60.0%, 2.0%, 10.0%, 13.0% and 15% of the population following them. 5 of Kamshet's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Kamshet
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
60%
Muslims
  
10.0%
Buddhist
  
13.0%
Jains
  
15.0%
Others
  
2.0%
Distribution of religions

Cuisine[edit]

Misal Paav of Dabhade is famous in Kamshet. Nachnichi bhakri is found in kamshet. Specialties include Puran Poli (a dessert bread), Pithla bhakri, Bhelpuri and Pav Bhaji.[5] Mastani, a thick milkshake containing dried fruit, is a speciality of the city.[6] Vada Pav, Misal Pav, Poha, Daabeli and Bhel Puri are common and famous street foods. Bread, curry,indrayni or kolam rice common meal of kamshetkar. Goatmutun, chicken, Crabs and fishes are included in non-veg dishes. forest vegetables are also use in meals.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Paragliding[edit]

Kamshet is one of the two main paragliding spots in Maharashtra. The season for paragliding in Kamshet is generally from October to end of May. The main flying sites are Tower Hill with east and west take off, which is frequently used from October to January and Shelar for west wind, which normally comes in regularly from January/February onwords. Several paragliding schools are located in or around Kamshet and offer training or tandem flights. Solo pilots mostly join the accomodation offered by the schools, since they arrange transport to the flying sites. It is also possible to find guest houses close to the flying sites. Traditionally there are several places hosting pilots at Vadival Lake after Govitri Village due to the beauty of the lake. In the west wind season, some schools offer flying at Lake Pavna, locally referred to as Pavna dam. Paragliding in Kamshet depends mostly on dynamic wind conditions due to the low take offs, in the thermic season long cross country flights are possible. Students, intermediate and cross-country pilots find good conditions throughout the season. The weather situation allows flights almost every day.

Trekking[edit]

Jamboli is the last village before Kondeshwar Temple, if you leave Kamshet through Nane Road. From Jamboli you can trek to the waterfall at Kondeshwar Temple and further along the drop of the ghats. Trekking to Kondeshwar Temple is entry level trekking, mostly flat, but the following route along the ghats needs a bit of practice and stamina. Proper footware is advised. Guides can be found locally if necessary. While trekking please keep nature clean and take non disposable garbage back to Kamshet or your guesthouse.

Lakes[edit]

Vadivali Lake is one of the larger lakes in the area, at an altitude of 2200 ft above MSL. It is an artificially created lake due to the backwaters of the Uksan Dam. From Kamshet to Vadival Lake it is about 12 km through Nane Road. You can enter the lake either north from Uksan Road or south from Jamboli Road. On both sides of the lake you find guest houses that offer access to the lake, or with a bit of walking some free access to the lake. Also here, please keep your environment clean and don't leave any garbage behind.

Raikar Farm[edit]

Raikar Farm offers a look into the Garden of India. A guesthouse and a dairy farm, home of many plants and trees. Be sure to come around 4:30 pm when you can buy milk directly from the dairy. If you ask you can watch your milk coming out from the real source. A nice place to take your child to watch and learn.

Other Attractions[edit]

Karla Caves: These 3rd century caves are well known for their splendid rock-cut architecture. The caves were built by Theravada Buddhist monks. Karla Caves are located close to Lonavala in Karli, and is a popular tourist destination.

Bedsa Caves: Different in appearance from the Karla Caves, these Hinayana Buddhist Caves are said to be built in 1st century. The caves are famous for their animals and dancing figure sculptures.

Bhaja Caves: Bhaja Caves are a group of 18 rock-cut caves built around 200 B.C. The major attraction is the group of 14 stupas, five inside and nine outside the caves. One of the caves houses some of the most splendid sculptures. Near the last cave is the monsoon waterfall, where tourists flock every summer.

Kondeshwar Temple:

An ancient elephant temple well known as Shri Kondeshwar temple is located at pohara near to kamshet. Pahara is a hilly forest range. This temple is dedicated to Hindus god Shiva.

There is a scenic view nearby this temple for the tourists as this place is surrounded by the dense forest, all around. Thousands of Hindu devotees come to visit this temple at the time of Mahashivaratri, as a huge festival is conducted at this time.

Sightseeing[edit]

Caves and temples[edit]

Karla Caves are situated between Kamshet and Lonavala off the national highway NH4.

Bhaja Caves and Bhedsa Caves, ancient Buddhist cave temples with carvings and statues of the Buddha.

Vidveshwar Temple[edit]

Vidveshwar Temple near Nane road bridge. this is temple of hindu god Shiv. Temple has very good garden. This place is very holy and calm. Student come to study in that temple.

Sangameshwar[edit]

Sangameshwar is very old shiv temple, Near Junction of Kundalika river and Holy Indrayani River. It is very nice place to one day Tripe. There has Big fair on Mahashivratri.

Life Style[edit]

People of Kamshet are very laid back but they are very helpful and honest. Most of the population lives on farming. Although the youth is living a semi-modern lifestyle, the older generation is happy and content with "simple living" mantra.

Location[edit]

Kamshet is located 16 km ahead of the twin hill stations of Khandala and Lonavala in the state Maharashtra in Pune district. It is located about 118 km from Mumbai, and the nearest town is Pune (56+ km.)

Regular local trains run between Pune and Kamshet. From Mumbai, you can board a train to Lonavala, and then enter a local train to Kamshet.

The nearest airport is in Pune, you can hire a taxi to reach Kamshet or catch the local train.

Property Growth[edit]

Kamshet has seen immense property and real estate growth in last 10 years. Property developers have ventured into developing residential buildings in Kamshet. Due to its proximity to Lonavala, Khandala and Talegaon has been a hit among property buyers across Pune and Mumbai. Near schools and colleges, a railway station, a sufficient market and a continuous water supply attract people to buy property in a rural area within the daily commuter range of Pune and Mumbai.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kamshet". Amazing Maharashtra. 
  2. ^ "City sweats as mercury hits season's high". The Times of India. 17 April 2003. Retrieved 10 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "Brrr... it's almost March, and Kamshet's shivering!". The Times of India. 23 February 2005. Retrieved 10 May 2008. 
  4. ^ "Kamshet Climate Normals 1971–1990". Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pune Cuisines – Pune India Food". pune109.com. Retrieved 4 April 2008. 
  6. ^ Manavi Deopura (29 March 2008). "Mastani Mania". The Indian Express. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 

Further reading[edit]