Kamyshin

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Kamyshin (English)
Камышин (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Kamyshin1.JPG
View of Kamyshin from the Volgograd Reservoir
Map of Russia - Volgograd Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Volgograd Oblast in Russia
Kamyshin is located in Volgograd Oblast
Kamyshin
Kamyshin
Location of Kamyshin in Volgograd Oblast
Coordinates: 50°05′N 45°24′E / 50.083°N 45.400°E / 50.083; 45.400Coordinates: 50°05′N 45°24′E / 50.083°N 45.400°E / 50.083; 45.400
Kamyshin gerb big.jpg
Flag of Kamyshin.jpeg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of February 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Volgograd Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to city of oblast significance of Kamyshin[2]
Administrative center of Kamyshinsky District,[1] city of oblast significance of Kamyshin[2]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Urban okrug Kamyshin Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Kamyshin Urban Okrug,[3] Kamyshinsky Municipal District[4]
Head[citation needed] Alexander Chunakov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 119,565 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 136th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1667[citation needed]
City status since 1780[citation needed]
Previous names Dmitriyevsk (until 1780)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 403870—403895
Dialing code(s) +7 84457[8][9]
Official website
Kamyshin on WikiCommons

Kamyshin (Russian: Камы́шин) is a city in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volgograd Reservoir of the Volga River, in the estuary of the Kamyshinka River. Population: 119,565 (2010 Census);[5] 127,891 (2002 Census);[10] 122,463 (1989 Census);[11] 101,000 (1972); 24,000 (1939).

History[edit]

It was founded in 1667 on the left bank of the Kamyshinka River.[citation needed] In 1710, all of its inhabitants were relocated to the fortress of Dmitriyevsk (Дмитриевск) on the opposite bank of the river. In 1780, the name was changed to Kamyshin and it was granted town status.[citation needed] In the 19th century, Kamyshin turned into a merchant city with sawmills and windmills. It was formerly famous for its watermelon trade.

Portage between the Volga and Don Rivers[edit]

Kamyshin Historical Museum

Near Kamyshin, the Volga is quite close—17 kilometers (11 mi)—to the upper reaches of the Ilovlya River, the tributary of the Don. The distance between the sources of the Kamyshinka River, the tributary of the Volga, and the Ilovlya is only a little more than 4 kilometers (2.5 mi). In this place in ancient times there existed a portage ("volok") many times used by the troops invading the land of the Khazars, and moving from the Don basin to the Volga. In the 16th century, the Turkish Sultan Selim II attempted to build a canal here.[12] A similar effort was later made by Peter the Great who built the fort, originally named Petrovsk, to protect workmen during the (unfinished) construction of the canal.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kamyshin serves as the administrative center of Kamyshinsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Kamyshin—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Kamyshin is incorporated as Kamyshin Urban Okrug.[3]

Climate[edit]

The city lies within the humid continental climate zone, and experiences four distinct seasons.

Climate data for Kamyshin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
12.0
(53.6)
19.8
(67.6)
28.6
(83.5)
36.6
(97.9)
39.8
(103.6)
41.5
(106.7)
41.2
(106.2)
39.3
(102.7)
27.7
(81.9)
17.0
(62.6)
11.0
(51.8)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
3.7
(38.7)
14.4
(57.9)
22.2
(72)
27.4
(81.3)
30.8
(87.4)
29.8
(85.6)
22.2
(72)
11.8
(53.2)
5.2
(41.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.2
(32.4)
9.5
(49.1)
16.9
(62.4)
21.9
(71.4)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
17.1
(62.8)
8.0
(46.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−5.8
(21.6)
8.8
(47.8)
Average low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.6
(40.3)
11.5
(52.7)
16.3
(61.3)
19.5
(67.1)
18.2
(64.8)
11.9
(53.4)
4.2
(39.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
4.6
(40.3)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−27.8
(−18)
−12.8
(9)
−1.1
(30)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
3.8
(38.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
−10
(14)
−25
(−13)
−30
(−22)
−35
(−31)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
26
(1.02)
25
(0.98)
29
(1.14)
41
(1.61)
39
(1.54)
36
(1.42)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.61)
26
(1.02)
32
(1.26)
34
(1.34)
389
(15.31)
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[13]

Sports[edit]

FC Tekstilshchik Kamyshin now plays in Russian Second Division; however, in 1992-1996 the club played in the top tier of Russian association football, achieving fourth place in 1993. This was followed by the campaign in the UEFA Cup where Tekstilshchik reached the second round.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Near Kamyshin, there is a 330-meter (1,080 ft) tall guyed TV mast, which belongs to the tallest man-made structures in Volgograd Oblast.

Notable people[edit]

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 18 218», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 18 218, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #139-OD
  3. ^ a b c Law #986-OD
  4. ^ Law #1022-OD
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ http://www.megaross.ru/freebies/phonecode-ru.html
  9. ^ http://www.hella.ru/code/city/volgograd_code.htm
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Pyotr Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, "Volga v fiziko-geograficheskom otnosheniir Bol'shaia Sov. Entsik.", XII, pp. 672-682, esp. 677, quoted in Robert J. Kerner, 'The Urge To the Sea', University of California Press, 1942 at Archive.org
  13. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved May 8, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Волгоградская областная Дума. Закон №139-ОД от 7 октября 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Волгоградской области», в ред. Закона №104-ОД от 27 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Волгоградской области от 07 октября 1997 г. №139-ОД "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Волгоградской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волгоградская правда", №207, 1 ноября 1997 г. (Volgograd Oblast Duma. Law #139-OD of October 7, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Volgograd Oblast, as amended by the Law #104-OD of June 27, 2014 On Amending the October 07, 1997 Law #139-OD of Volgograd Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Volgograd Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Волгоградская областная Дума. Закон №986-ОД от 31 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении статусом города Камышина». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волгоградская правда", №10, 21 января 2005 г. (Volgograd Oblast Duma. Law #986-OD of December 31, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and Granting the Status to the City of Kamyshin. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Волгоградская областная Дума. Закон №1022-ОД от 5 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении статусом Камышинского района и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Закона №1669-ОД от 28 апреля 2008 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Волгоградской области от 5 марта 2005 г. №1022-ОД "Об установлении границ и наделении статусом Камышинского района и муниципальных образований в его составе"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волгоградская правда", №48, 19 марта 2005 г. (Volgograd Oblast Duma. Law #1022-OD of March 5, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and Granting the Status to Kamyshinsky District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #1669-OD of April 28, 2008 On Amending the Law of Volgograd Oblast #1022-OD of March 5, 2005 "On Establishing the Borders and Granting the Status to Kamyshinsky District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).