Kan'in-no-miya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg

The Kan'in-no-miya (閑院宮家?) is the youngest of the four shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family of Japan which were eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out. It was founded by Prince Naohito, the son of Emperor Higashiyama.

Fearing extinction of the Imperial Line, Arai Hakuseki proposed that a new branch of the Imperial Family be created. In 1718, retired emperor Reigen bestowed upon his grandson the title of Kan'in-no-miya and land worth 1000 koku. This was the first new miyake was formed since the Arisugawa-no-miya lineage in 1625.

The name Kan'in-no-miya is thought to have come from the title of Prince Sadamoto, a son of the Heian-era Emperor Seiwa.

Arai Hakusei's wisdom was soon proved with the second Kan'in-no-miya, Sukehito shinnō. When Emperor Go-Momozono died, he had only a single daughter. Sukehito's son was chosen to become Emperor Kōkaku.

The Kan'in House went extinct upon the death of its 5th head, Prince Kan'in Naruhito, in 1842, but was revived by Emperor Meiji, who assigned the name to Prince Kotohito, 16th son of Prince Fushimi Kuniie (one of the other shinnoke houses).

The line went extinct again with the death of his son, Kan'in Sumihito (formerly Kan'in-no-miya Haruhito shinnō) in 1988.

Name Born Succeeded Resigned Died
1 Kan'in-no-miya Naohito shinnō (閑院宮 直仁親王?) 1704 1718 . 1753
2 Kan'in-no-miya Sukehito shinnō (閑院宮 典仁親王?) 1733 1753 . 1794
3 Kan'in-no-miya Haruhito shinnō (閑院宮 美仁親王?) 1768 1794 . 1818
4 Kan'in-no-miya Tatsuhito shinnō (閑院宮 孝仁親王?) 1792 1818 . 1824
5 Kan'in-no-miya Naruhito shinnō (閑院宮 愛仁親王?) 1818 1828 . 1842
6 Kan'in-no-miya Kotohito shinnō (閑院宮 載仁親王?) 1865 1872 . 1945
7 Kan'in-no-miya Haruhito shinnō (閑院宮 春仁親王?) 1902 1945 1947 1988

References[edit]

  • Keane, Donald. Emperor Of Japan: Meiji And His World, 1852-1912. Columbia University Press (2005). ISBN 0-231-12341-8
  • Lebra, Sugiyama Takie. Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility. University of California Press (1995). ISBN 0-520-07602-8