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Kanadaseaga (also spelled Kanatasaka, or Kanadasaga, and known as Seneca Castle), was a major village, perhaps a capital, of the Seneca nation of the Iroquois Confederacy in west-central New York State, United States. It was located between the northern ends of Seneca and Canandaigua lakes, west of the present-day city of Geneva in the township of Seneca. The village was situated on both sides of Kanadaseaga Creek.[1] The Seneca established this village at least as early as 1687.[2]

A blockhouse was built here in 1756 by Sir William Johnson,[3] the remains of which were in existence in 1779.[4] During the Revolutionary War, the British added defensive fortifications against the Americans. The village contained about sixty well-built houses.[5]

Long known for being one of the most powerful Iroquois towns, it was destroyed by the rebel-led Sullivan Expedition of 1779, on September 9, during the American Revolutionary War. Rebel colonial forces were seeking to punish the Iroquois for their raids and attacks on frontier settlements, especially in the Mohawk, Cherry and Schoharie valleys.


Coordinates: 42°53′N 77°6′W / 42.883°N 77.100°W / 42.883; -77.100