Kanaganahalli

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Kanaganahalli
Kanganhalli
Village
Kanaganahalli is located in Karnataka
Kanaganahalli
Kanaganahalli
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 17°07′N 77°05′E / 17.12°N 77.08°E / 17.12; 77.08Coordinates: 17°07′N 77°05′E / 17.12°N 77.08°E / 17.12; 77.08
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Gulbarga
Area
 • Total 1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 585 211
Telephone code 08474
Nearest city Chitapur

Kanaganahalli is about 3 km from Sannati. An important Buddhist site, the place where an ancient Buddhist Mahastupa site found. It is on the left bank of the Bhima river[1] in Chitapur taluk, Gulbarga District in Karnataka, India. Nalwar is the nearest Railway station about 19 km from Kanaganahalli. The Buddhist site about 2.5 km from Chandrala Parameshwari temple of Sannati.

History[edit]

Main articles: Mauryas, Ashoka and Buddhism

The remains of the excavations site at Kanaganahalli can be dated to between the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD.

In circa the 1st century BC the stupa at Kanganhalli was constructed, as per the inscriptions referred to as Hama Chaitya and it was patronized by the Hinayana and Mahayana people during the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. In the pre-Christian times with the advent of Shatavahana, the Amaravati School of art made a deep impact on the sculptural and architectural forms of Kanaganahalli region. This was indeed a period of great artistic efflorescence that gave the Maha chaitya here the most impressive form unsurpassed in the history of stupa architecture in the south India.[2]

The sculptured panels of the medhi are distinctly of native creation. The skill of making two dimensional sculptures and the carving of typical animal motifs are also of indigenous nature. Exhibit a transition phase between the early phase of Amaravati sculptural art and the elaborately sculptured panels of Nagarjunakonda with the sculptural panels found at Kanaganahalli stupa.

The volumes of their improvement over their Amaravati counterparts. The mastery of the artist of Kanganhalli in carving the geometric patterns, floral motifs, dress and ornamentation of the contemporary times and the concept of composition of the subject matter in the large sculptured panels.

The Kanaganahalli Maha Stupa is the veritable gallery of eminent rulers like King Ashoka and the Shatavahana rulers (Simuka, Pulumavi) are immortalized by depicting their portraits at Kanaganahalli.

Unlike the torana of Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh, portrait of emperor Ashoka is said to have depicted there is inscription found at Kanaganahalli.

At Kanganhalli up to the anda portion of the stupa is available, although majority of the architectural members and the sculptural panels are dislodged from the original position.

ASI Excavation Site[edit]

Kanaganahalli is the excavation site of the Archaeological Survey of India.[3]

Excavation during 1994 to 1998[edit]

  • During the excavations (1994 to 1998) at Kanaganahalli, found remains of a massive Stupa, many brick built structures in the form of Chaityagriha and votive stupas were brought to light.
  • During the excavations many architectural members of the stupa found like fragments of sculptured veneering slabs, members of railings, pillars, capitals, Buddha padas, sculptures of yaksha and four images of Buddha many more.
  • The sculptured panels depicts various Jataka stories and life of Lord Buddha

and portrait of many Shatavahana king.

Inscriptions[edit]

More than 50 inscriptions were discovered from the excavations site. The very important discovery was the sculpture of Maurya emperor Ashoka.

Excavation during 2000 to 2002[edit]

  • During the excavations (2000 to 2002) found bare ruined remnants of a number of brick built structures like paved and sheltered passages connecting them. Also found part of a possible monastic complex to the north west of the main stupa.
  • Antiquities such as lead coins bear names of Shatavahana king like Satakarni, Pulumavi and Yajnasri.
  • The most important finding of the excavation include a stone sculptured slab bearing the name Raya Ashoka . The first inscribed portrait of Ashoka (surrounded by female attendants and queens) found at Kanaganahalli,[4] unearthed from the ruined Buddhist stupa. Basically the slab having Brahmi inscription (Rayo Ashoka in Prakrit) found on a stormy night an ancient temple lashed by thunder and rain.

International Buddhist Centre[edit]

An important Buddhist site, Governament of Karnataka and ASI Planning to develop Kanaganahalli ( and Sannati) as International Buddhist Centre.[5]

Government of Karnataka had constituted Sannati Development Authority and had appointed senior IAS official S.M. Jamdhar as its special officer.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "GULBARGA DISTRICT". Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  2. ^ "Kanganhalli: A unique discovery of Buddhist site in India". Dr. D. Dayalan, Archaeological survey of india. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ "Excavations - 2000-2005 - Karnataka". Retrieved 2009-02-18. 
  4. ^ "Rediscovering Ashoka - Kanganhalli". Retrieved 2013-06-18. 
  5. ^ "Kanaganalli to be developed as International Buddhist Centre". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2009-02-18.