|NH 209, Bangalore-Coimbatore National Highway passing through Kanakapura town.|
|• Total||7.80 km2 (3.01 sq mi)|
|Elevation||637 m (2,090 ft)|
|• Density||6,536.11/km2 (16,928.4/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST ([[UTC+5:30[GMT]]])|
|Vehicle registration||KA 42|
Kanakapura is a town and the headquarters of Kanakapura Taluk in the Ramanagara district in the state of Karnataka, India. Situated 55 km from the city Bangalore, this town is famous for the production of silk and granite. It is located among the lush green forests of the state of Karnataka and The town is a tourism hotspot and an often visited tourist favorite in the entire state of Karnataka, as it has something for everyone ranging from avid trekkers to history buffs and wildlife enthusiasts.
The place was originally under the Gangas and later under the Cholas, who administered it as a part of an area called Kilalainad. Later, the Hoysalas made it a major headquarters of a province (sime). Its name was changed as Kanakapura from its original Kanakanahalli. But earlier it is mentioned as Kanikaranahalli in two Hoysala records dated 1319 and 1317 A.D. from Hachchalu and Nyakanahalli (Kanakapura tq) villages respectively. Even a recent record dated 1662 A.D. by Mysore rulers from Malagala also mention the place as Kanikaranahalli being the headquarters of a sime. The local people universally call it as Kanikaranahalli, which is otherwise corrupted as Kankanahalli, says Buchanan[who?]. He further says Kanikaranahalli has a Kannada origin - Kani + Karna or Kanikara signifies showing sympathy.
Kanakapura is located at  It has an average elevation of 638 metres (2093 feet)..
The fort in Kanakapura is said[by whom?] to have been erected by Jagadeva Raya, the chief of Channapatna. The remains of the fort can be now seen near the Arkavathi bridge. The town was twice burnt or laid waste by Tipu Sultan to prevent its being of use to the British army of their march to Shrirangapattana[when?]. The place was conquered by Mysore rulers in 1630 A.D. Tipu Sultan was running a huge workshop at Kanakapura with a steel foundry.
The place has a Government Silk Filature Factory founded in 1943.
A noted landmark of the town is the Rural college founded by Gandhians Gurikar Range Gowda, Advocate K. Subba Rao and social worker/politician S. Kariappa, who built up and managed the institution. Sri Kariappa is buried here and a memorial built in his honor.
Kanakapura is mainly famous for the Kanakapura fort, which was built by Jagadeva Raya. The fort is of great historical significance, but only its remains are present in the town of Kanakapura today, as the fort was burnt down not once but twice. Tipu Sultan, the emperor of Mysore burnt down the Kanakapura Fort, in order to stop the progress of the British Army during the war with the British Empire. The remains of the fort, present near the Arkavathi Bridge, can pique the interest of any tourist with a penchant for historical buildings.
There are 43 village panchayats in the taluk. A major industry is mining of granite in quarries. Other activities include silk production, powerlooms, brick production, bamboo production pottery and other rural industries. Agriculture is the main source of income for people . The Bee keeping industry has covered 38 villages and there are 150 bee keepers who maintain 300 bee colonies. The State Government is providing training facilities to rural people to encourage bee keeping in rural area. People are doing psericulture(silk) also.
Kanakapura Lok Sabha constituency had been considered to be the largest constituency in India with as many as 22 lakh voters participating from this constituency alone in the last Lok Sabha polls.Now, parts of erstwhile Kanakapura and Uttrahalli Lok Sabha constituencies have been redrawn to become a part of Bangalore Rural.
The taluk has geographical area of 1,59,426 hectares consisting of 6 hoblis, namely:
As of 2001[update] India census, Kanakapura had a population of 47,047. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kanakapura has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 59%. In Kanakapura, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Kanakapura has a main bus depot and a bus stand which has a capacity to accommodate as many as 30-50 KSRTC Buses. Kanakapura's expanding suburbs is well connected by Government and Private buses to all other parts of the city. Bus fare from Kanakapura to Bangalore is Rs.50
Kanakapura is famous for celebrating Ugadi(new year for Kannadigas).Kanakapura is well known for Dasara which is celebrated over a 2-3 day period and Kallahalli jatre The place is noted for its huge Srinivasa temple built in Vijayanagara style. The Garbhagriha has a standing image of Srinivasa (about two metres tall). There is a brick and mortar Shikhara over it. There is a spacious Navaranga in front of the Ardhamantapa with plain Vijayanagara pillars. The annual Jatra and car festival is held during Magha Poornima when more than 50 to 75,000 people assemble. here mini dasara will be held in the month of october /november, for which around 50,000 people will attend.
Places to see
- Chunchi waterfalls
- Kallahalli(Chikka thirupathi)
- Billikal Betta
- Thayamuddamma Temple, Helagalli
- Shivaldappa Betta, Haroshivanahalli
- Muthathi forest
- Sangama [Mekedaatu]
- kaveri fishing camp
- Harobele Dam
- Madivala Shree Shivanankareshwara Temple
- Kabbalamma Temple
- Sri Venaktarmana Swamy Temple(Kallahalli)
- Pyramid Valley
- Battalu Lingeshwara
- Holae Kattae Shree Mukhyapraana Temple.
- Annapurneswari temple(SSY) near Doddamaralavadi
- Holae Kattae Shree Mukhyapraana Devaru is one of the 732 Hanuman Temples;Consecrated by Madhwa Saint Sri Vyasarajaru.On the Banks of the River Arkavathi;about 550 years ago.
Tourists can also visit Bananthimari Betta(hill), which is a hill located around three kilometers (3 km) from the town. The Bananthimari temple, which is present at the base of the hill, is a tourist favorite, and adventure enthusiasts and trekking experts can try their hand at climbing the hill, as trekking is a popular adventure sport in this region.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kanakapura
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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