Kanaker-Zeytun district

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Kanaker-Zeytun
Քանաքեռ-Զեյթուն
View of Kanaker-Zeytun from Mother Armenia
View of Kanaker-Zeytun from Mother Armenia
Location of Kanaker-ZeytunՔանաքեռ-Զեյթուն
Coordinates: 40°13′12″N 44°32′18″E / 40.22000°N 44.53833°E / 40.22000; 44.53833Coordinates: 40°13′12″N 44°32′18″E / 40.22000°N 44.53833°E / 40.22000; 44.53833
Country Armenia
Marz (Province) Yerevan
Government
 • Mayor of District Arayik Kotanjian
Area
 • Total 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi)
Elevation 1,280 m (4,200 ft)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 79,600
Time zone   (UTC+4)

Kanaker-Zeytun (Armenian: Քանաքեռ-Զեյթուն) is a district in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, located in the northeastern part of the city, an amalgam of Kanaker and Nor Zeytun.

Located on a hill overlooking the central part of Yerevan, the administrative district of Kanaker-Zeytun has common borders with the districts of Avan, Arabkir, Kentron and Nor Nork. By the outer border it is adjacent to the provinces of Armavir, Aragatsotn and Kotayk. As an administrative district, it is commonly divided into 3 smaller neighborhoods: Kanaker, Nor Zeytun and Monument.

History[edit]

Kanaker has developed as a satellite town of Yerevan throughout the history. With many historical churches and monuments, Kanaker was severely damaged in the earthquake of 1679. The town has played a key role in the Russian siege of Yerevan in 1827.

Many prominent figures of Armenian literature and art are natives of Kanaker such as historian Zakaria Kanakertsi, writer Khachatur Abovian and musician Djivan Gasparyan.

Nor Zeytun was founded between 1946-1948 by Armenian migrants who arrived from Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Iran, Iraq and Greece.

With the quick growth of the city of Yerevan, Kanaker and Nor Zeytun were gradually absorbed and became part of the Armenian capital. After the independence of Armenia, Kanaker and Nor Zeytun were merged and formed a single district within the capital Yerevan, under the name Kanaker-Zeytun.

Kanaker-Zeytun is a gradually developing district, with a population of m79,600 and an area of 8.1km². It mainly consists of one or two-storied houses.

Streets and parks[edit]

  • Main streets:
    • Azatutyan Avenue
    • David Anhaght street
    • Avetis Aharonyan street
    • Paruyr Sevak street
    • Rubinyants street
    • Zakaria Kanakertsi street
    • Tbilisi Highway

Religious, historic and cultural structures[edit]

The Russian church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God
  • Surp Hakob (Saint Jacob) Church of Kanaker: built at the end of the 17th century on the foundations of the old church of Kanaker damaged during the 1679 earthquake. The church is of three-nave basilica type with two couples of pillars. Many sculptured cross-stones dating back to 1504, 1571 and 1621, are fixed on the western front of the church. The church was closed during the Soviet rule until 1990, when it was restored and reopened by the government.[1]
  • The historic Church of the Holy Mother of God in Kanaker, built in 1695 on the foundations of the old church damaged as a result of the 1679 earthquake. During the Soviet period, the church was turned into a warehouse. Between 1959-1963, the church was renovated through the efforts of the Armenian Organization for Historical Monuments Preservation.[2]
  • The old cemetery of Kanaker with its historic chapel.
  • The 'Petevan tombstone of 1265.
  • The Russian Orthodox Church of the Intercession of the Holy Mother of God built between 1912-1916, stands near the Russian military base of Yerevan.
  • House-museum of Khachatur Abovyan in Kanaker.
  • The medieval well of Kanaker.
  • Mother Armenia: the World War II memorial, the Military museum and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
  • The Monument to the 50th anniversary of the Sovietization of Armenia.

Education and industry[edit]

The French University in Armenia
  • The district is also home to many industrial plants:
    • Yerevan Champagne Wines Factory
    • Coca-Cola Bottlers Armenia Factory

Gallery[edit]

View of Kanaker-Zeytun from the east

References[edit]