Kanaklata Barua

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Kanaklata Barua
কনকলতাৰ প্ৰতিমুৰ্তি.JPG
Kanaklata Barua’s sculpture at Borngabari, Gohpur
Born (1924-12-22)22 December 1924
Borangabari, Gohpur, Darrang district (now in Sonitpur District)
Died 20 September 1942(1942-09-20)
Borangabari, Gohpur
Ethnicity Assamese
Movement Indian Independence movement

Kanaklata Barua (Assamese: কনকলতা বৰুৱা) (December 22, 1924 - September 20, 1942) also called Birbala and Shaheed (martyr) Kanaklata Barua was an Indian freedom fighter from Assam who was shot dead while leading a procession bearing the National Flag during the Quit India Movement of 1942.[1]

Early life[edit]

Kanaklata was born in the Borangabari village of the undivided Darrang district of Assam as the daughter of Krishna Kanta and Karneshwari Barua. Her grandfather Ghana Kanta Barua was a famous hunter in Darrang. Her ancestors were from the Dolakharia Barua kingdom of the erstwhile Ahom state who relinquished the Dolakharia title and continued retaining Barua title. Her mother died when she was only five and her father, who remarried, died when she reached thirteen. She went to school till class three but then dropped out to take care of her younger siblings.[2]

Freedom fighter[edit]

A sculpture at Kanaklata Udyan or Rock Garden at Tezpur, Assam, describing the incident.

During the Quit India Movement Kanaklata joined the Mrityu Bahini, a death squad comprising groups of youth from the Gohpur sub division of Assam. On September 20, 1942, the Bahini decided it would hoist the national flag at the local police station. A procession of unarmed villagers were led by Barua to do so. The police under Rebati Mahan Som the officer in-charge of the police station warned the procession of dire consequences if they proceeded with their plan. Undeterred by the police, the procession continued marching ahead when the police fired upon the procession. Kanaklata was shot and the flag she was carrying with her was taken up by Mukunda Kakoti who too was shot at. Both Kanaklata and Kakoti were killed in the police action. Kanaklata was only 17 years of age at the time of her martyrdom.[3]

Death and commemoration[edit]

The Fast Patrol Vessel ICGS Kanak Lata Barua of the Indian Coast Guard, commissioned in 1997, is named after Kanaklata.[4] A life size statue of hers was unveiled at Gauripur in 2011.[5]


  1. ^ Pathak, Guptajit (2008). Assamese Women in Indian Independence Movement: With a Special Emphasis on Kanaklata Barua. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 52. 
  2. ^ "KANAKLATA BARUA (1924-1942)". Stree Shakti. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Due recognition for Kanaklata, Mukunda sought". The Assam Tribune. March 14, 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 306. 
  5. ^ "Statue of Kanaklata Barua unveiled". The Assam Tribunal. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 

External links[edit]