Kanaya, Shizuoka

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Kanaya
金谷町
Former municipality
Location of Kanaya in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Kanaya in Shizuoka Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
District Hiabara
Merged May 1, 2005
(now part of Shimada)
Area
 • Total 64.36 km2 (24.85 sq mi)
Population (October 2008)
 • Total 20,364
 • Density 318.29/km2 (824.4/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Camellia sinensis
- Flower Rhododendron
Website City of Shimada

Kanaya (金谷町 Kanaya-chō?) was a town located in Haibara District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2005, the town had an estimated population of 20,364 and a density of 318.29 persons per km². The total area was 64.36 km².

On May 5, 2005, Kanaya was merged into its long-time twin city, the expanded city of Shimada and thus no longer exists as an independent municipality. Its main industry was green tea production.

Kanaya was developed from the Edo period as Kanaya-juku, a post town on the Tōkaidō. Located on the west bank of the Ōi River, Kanaya prospered from the Tokugawa Shogunate's policy of not allowing any bridge or ferry to be established on the Ōi River in order to strengthen Edo's defenses. Travellers waiting to cross the river on foot were often trapped in Kanaya for days, if not weeks, waiting for the river to become shallow enough to ford.

Kanaya Town was established in 1889. It merged with neighboring Goka Village in 1957.