Kanban board

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A kanban board is one of the tools which can be used to implement the kanban method for a project.

Kanban boards are perceived as a variation on traditional kanban cards. Instead of the signal cards that represent demand or capacity, the board utilizes magnets, plastic chips, colored washers or sticky notes to represent work items.[1] Each of these objects represents an item in a production process as it moves around the board. Its movement corresponds with a manufacturing process.[2] The board is usually divided into three sections: "awaiting production", "work in progress" and "completed work". Employees move cards to the section on the board that coincides with the receptacle it represents.[3]

A simple kanban board


Kanban can be used to organize many areas of life. There are many possible kanban board designs. The simplest kanban board consists of three columns: "to-do", "in progress" and "done".[4]

The most popular example of kanban board for agile or lean software development consists of: Backlog, Ready, Coding, Testing, Approval and Done columns. It is also a common practice to name columns in a different way, for example: Next, In Development, Done, Customer Acceptance, Live.[5]
  • Kanban for marketing teams[6]
  • Kanban for HR teams[7]
  • Personal task management
The so-called "Personal Kanban"[8] that has been described and promoted by Jim Benson.[9]


  • visualize workflow
  • limit work-in-progress[10]
  • pull work from column to column
  • monitor, adapt, improve [11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kanban Guide: Demand Scheduling for Lean Manufacturing, Compiled by Nilesh R Arora. Add Value Consulting Inc., India 2001, p. 11.
  2. ^ J. M. Gross, Kenneth R. McInnis: Kanban Made Simple—Demystifying and Applying Toyota's Legendary Manufacturing Process. Amacom, USA 2003, p. 50. ISBN 0-8144-0763-3
  3. ^ Kanban Guide: Demand Scheduling for Lean Manufacturing, Compiled by Nilesh R Arora. Add Value Consulting Inc., India 2001, p. 11
  4. ^ H. Kniberg, M. Skarin: Kanban and Scrum making the most of both. C4Media, Publisher of InfoQ.com, USA 2010, p. 31.
  5. ^ codeweavers. "Agile Design: Kanban with our Web Designers - Design, Process Updates | Codeweavers Blog | Staffordshire Software Development House". Codeweavers.net. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  6. ^ J. Dager: Why you should use Kanban in Marketing?,http://business901.com/blog1/why-you-should-use-kanban-in-marketing/
  7. ^ "Kanban for Short Intense Projects: How We Used Kanban to Visualize Our Hiring Process Workflow and Make Our Lives Easier". Personal Kanban. 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  8. ^ Benson, Jim, and Tonianne DeMaria Barry. Personal Kanban: Mapping Work, Navigating Life. Modus Cooperandi Press, 2011.
  9. ^ Willeke, Marian HH. "Agile in Academics: Applying Agile to Instructional Design." Agile Conference (AGILE), 2011. IEEE, 2011.
  10. ^ "Building Your First". Personal Kanban. 2009-08-23. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 
  11. ^ J. Boeg, Priming Kanban,

External links[edit]