Kancha Ilaiah (5 October 1952) is an Indian activist and writer. His books include Why I am not a Hindu, God As Political Philosopher: Budha's challenge to Brahminism, A Hollow Shell, The State and Repressive Culture, Manatatwam (in Telugu), and Buffalo Nationalism: A Critique of Spiritual Fascism.
Kancha Ilaiah was born in a village in a forest area in the Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh. His family belonged to the sheep-grazing Kuruma Golla caste. His mother exercised a seminal influence on his thinking. She was a strong woman and the leader of her caste against the forest guards. She had allegedly died in one of the confrontations with police, being fatally injured while protesting, when she was 46.