Kandalaksha

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Kandalaksha (English)
Кандалакша (Russian)
-  Town  -
Кандалакша.jpg
A view to Kandalaksha
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Kandalaksha is located in Murmansk Oblast
Kandalaksha
Kandalaksha
Location of Kandalaksha in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 67°09′N 32°24′E / 67.150°N 32.400°E / 67.150; 32.400Coordinates: 67°09′N 32°24′E / 67.150°N 32.400°E / 67.150; 32.400
Coat of Arms of Kandalaksha (Murmansk oblast) (2008).png
Flag of Kandalaksha (Murmansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast
Administrative district Kandalakshsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal district Kandalakshsky Municipal District[citation needed]
Urban settlement Kandalaksha Urban Settlement[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 35,654 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Founded 11th century[citation needed]
Town status since April 20, 1938[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 184041
Dialing code(s) +7 81533[citation needed]
Kandalaksha on WikiCommons

Kandalaksha (Russian: Кандала́кша; Finnish: Kantalahti, also Kandalax or Candalax in the old maps; Norwegian: Kandalaksja; Karelian: Kannanlakši; Skolt Sami: Käddluhtt) is a town in Kandalakshsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located at the head of Kandalaksha Gulf on the White Sea, north of the Arctic Circle. Population: 35,654 (2010 Census);[1] 40,564 (2002 Census);[5] 54,080 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

The settlement has existed since the 11th century. In the 13th century, it became a part of the Novgorod Republic along with the southern part of the Kola Peninsula, and in 1478 was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In 1915, the construction of a seaport started, and in 1918 a railroad connecting Moscow to Murmansk running through Kandalaksha was opened. On August 29, 1927, Kandalaksha was made the administrative center of the newly established Kandalakshsky District,[7] and on June 1, 1932, it was granted work settlement status.[3] Status of a town of district significance was granted to it on April 20, 1938.[3] On February 9, 1940, Kandalaksha was administratively separated from the district and granted the status of a town of oblast significance.[3]

In July 1941, during World War II, the town was the primary target of an unsuccessful German-Finnish offensive which attempted to cut the strategic Murman Railway.

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of March 19, 1959, the Councils of Deputies of Kandalaksha and of Kandalakshsky District were merged into one Kandalaksha Town Council of Deputies.[8] While the district was nominally retained as a separate administrative division, all its subdivisions were administratively subordinated to the town's Council of Deputies.[8]

Since 1995, Vitino oil port operates near Beloye More a few kilometers south of Kandalaksha.

Kandalaksha Mayor Nina Varlamova was murdered in an attack in December 2008.[9]

International relations[edit]

Kandalaksha railway station

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kandalaksha is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b c d Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 52–53
  4. ^ Local post office info http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=184041
  5. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 35
  8. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 55
  9. ^ Malpas, Anna (2008-12-18). "Mayor Stabbed To Death". Moscow Times. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 

Sources[edit]

  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 

External links[edit]