Kandalakshsky District

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Kandalakshsky District
Кандалакшский район (Russian)
Location of Kandalaksha district (Murmansk Oblast).svg
Location of Kandalakshsky District in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 67°13′N 32°20′E / 67.217°N 32.333°E / 67.217; 32.333Coordinates: 67°13′N 32°20′E / 67.217°N 32.333°E / 67.217; 32.333
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of March 2013)
Administrative center town of Kandalaksha[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
Towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Territorial okrugs 6
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 21
Municipal structure (as of October 2007)
Municipally incorporated as Kandalakshsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 2
Local government:
Head[3] Olga Mikheyeva[3]
Representative body Council of Deputies[4]
Statistics
Area (municipal district) 14,400 km2 (5,600 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 49,544 inhabitants[6][7]
Density 3.44 /km2 (8.9 /sq mi)[8]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[9]
Established April 11, 2011[10]
Official website

Kandalakshsky District (Russian: Кандала́кшский райо́н) is an administrative district (a raion), one of the six in Murmansk Oblast, Russia.[1] As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Kandalakshsky Municipal District.[2] It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 14,400 square kilometers (5,600 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the town of Kandalaksha.[1] Population:[6] 49,544 (2010 Census);[7] 60,140 (2002 Census);[11] 78,239 (1989 Census).[12] The population of Kandalaksha accounts for 72.0% of the district's total population.[6][7]

History[edit]

The district was first established by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) Resolution of August 29, 1927 along with other new districts into which the Karelian ASSR was divided.[13] The district included the territories of Kandalakshskaya and Kovdskaya Volosts and the village of Kyurela of Kestengskaya Volost.[13] The administrative center of the district was in the selo of Kandalaksha.[13]

On June 1, 1932, Kandalaksha was granted work settlement status.[14] On April 1, 1937, the VTsIK adopted a Resolution on the administrative-territorial structure of the district, according to which the district included two work settlements (Kandalaksha and Nivsky) and five selsoviets (Kandalakshsky, Knyazhegubsky, Kolvitsky, Konets-Kovdozersky, and Kovdsky).[14] On April 20, 1938, Kandalaksha was granted a status of town of district significance.[14]

On May 28, 1938, the district became a part of the newly formed Murmansk Oblast,[14] and on February 9, 1940, Kandalaksha was administratively separated from the district and granted a status of town of oblast significance.[14]

Kandalakshsky District was abolished by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union on August 18, 1948 with its territory being administratively subordinated to the town of Kandalaksha.[14] However, the district was reinstated in old borders by another decree on March 13, 1951.[14] Kandalaksha again became the administrative center of the district.[14]

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, on February 24, 1955 Alakurttinsky Selsoviet was transferred to Kandalakshsky District from Kestengsky District of the Karelo-Finnish SSR.[14]

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of March 19, 1959, the Councils of Deputies of Kandalaksha and of Kandalakshsky District were merged into one Kandalaksha Town Council of Deputies.[14] The district was nominally retained as a separate administrative division, but all its subdivisions were administratively subordinated to the town's Council of Deputies.[14] On February 1, 1963, the Decree by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR established the new structure of the districts of Murmansk Oblast, which no longer included Kandalakshsky District.[14]

On December 2, 2004, Kandalakshsky Municipal District was established by Murmansk Oblast Duma on the territory of Kandalaksha Town With Jurisdictional Territory.[2] The administrative district, however, was not restored until the law of April 11, 2011 amended the law on the administrative-territorial divisions of Murmansk Oblast to include it.[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #96-01-ZMO
  2. ^ a b c d Law #538-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b Official website of Kandalakshsky District. Administration (Russian)
  4. ^ Official website of Kandalakshsky District. Council of Deputies (Russian)
  5. ^ a b Official website of Kandalakshsky District. About the District (Russian)
  6. ^ a b c The data are for the Kandalaksha City with Jurisdictional Territory, which was transformed into Kandalakshsky District in April 2011
  7. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  8. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  9. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. ^ a b Law #1335-01-ZMO
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 35
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, pp. 52–55

Sources[edit]

  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №96-01-ЗМО от 6 января 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области», в ред. Закона №1704-01-ЗМО от 20 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Мурманской области». Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №10, стр. 3, 16 января 1998 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #96-01-ZMO of January 6, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #1704-01-ZMO of December 20, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Murmansk Oblast. ).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №538-01-ЗМО от 2 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования Кандалакшский район и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №904-01-ЗМО от 26 октября 2007 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования город Кандалакша с подведомственной территорией и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №234, стр. 3, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #538-01-ZMO of December 2, 2004 On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of Kandalakshsky District and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #904-01-ZMO of October 26, 2007 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Kandalaksha with Jurisdictional Territory and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №1335-01-ЗМО от 11 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Мурманской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Мурманской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №64, с. 4, 14 апреля 2011 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #1335-01-ZMO of April 11, 2011 On Amending the Law of Murmansk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Murmansk Oblast". Effective as of after ten days since the official publication have passed.).
  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 

External links[edit]