Kandiyohi County, Minnesota

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Kandiyohi County, Minnesota
2012-0821-Kandiyohi-Courthouse.jpg
Kandiyohi County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Kandiyohi County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 20, 1858[1]
Named for Dakota language for "where the buffalo fish come"
Seat Willmar
Largest city Willmar
Area
 • Total 862 sq mi (2,233 km2)
 • Land 797 sq mi (2,064 km2)
 • Water 66 sq mi (171 km2), 7.6%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 42,410
 • Density 53/sq mi (20/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kandiyohi.mn.us

Kandiyohi County (/kændˈjh/ kan-dee-YOH-hy) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, its population was 42,239.[2] Its county seat is Willmar.[3]

Kandiyohi County comprises the Willmar, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Kandiyohi County is named after a Dakota word meaning "where the buffalo fish come."[4] Kandiyohi County was organized in 1858 with its county seat in Kandiyohi, which was then called Kandiyohi Station and was just a railroad stop. The original county occupied only the southern half of its current area. Development was slow, and in 1870 the state legislature called for Monongalia County to merge with Kandiyohi and make one larger county. It took until November 21, 1871 to agree on the centrally located Willmar as the county seat.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 797 square miles (2,060 km2) is land and 66 square miles (170 km2) (7.6%) is water.[5] Kandiyohi County is one of seven southern Minnesota counties that have no forest soils; only prairie ecosystems of savannas and prairies exist.

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[6]

Example of native vegetation in the County: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sibley_State_Park_New_Wiki_Version.JPG

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 76
1870 1,760 2,215.8%
1880 10,159 477.2%
1890 13,997 37.8%
1900 18,416 31.6%
1910 18,969 3.0%
1920 22,060 16.3%
1930 23,574 6.9%
1940 26,524 12.5%
1950 28,644 8.0%
1960 29,987 4.7%
1970 30,548 1.9%
1980 36,763 20.3%
1990 38,761 5.4%
2000 41,203 6.3%
2010 42,239 2.5%
Est. 2013 42,410 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 41,203 people, 15,936 households, and 10,979 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 18,415 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 8.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.4% were of German, 25.8% Norwegian, 9.9% Swedish and 5.6% Dutch ancestry.

There were 15,936 households, out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,772, and the median income for a family was $48,016. Males had a median income of $32,272 versus $22,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 5.90% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.10% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  6. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota:Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°09′N 95°01′W / 45.15°N 95.01°W / 45.15; -95.01