- for the village in Estonia see Kandla, Estonia.
|Port and town|
Gate 2 at KPT, Kandla Port, Gujarat, India
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Total||15,782 |
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Kandla, also Kandla Port or New Kandla (Gujarati: કંડલા) is a seaport in Kutch District of Gujarat state in western India, near the city of Gandhidham. Located on the Gulf of Kutch, it is one of major ports on west coast. Kandla was constructed in the 1950s as the chief seaport serving western India, after the partition of India from Pakistan left the port of Karachi in Pakistan.
The Port of Kandla is located on the Gulf of Kutch on the northwestern coast of India some 256 nautical miles southeast of the Port of Karachi in Pakistan and over 430 nautical miles north-northwest of the Port of Mumbai (Bombay). It is the largest port of India by volume of cargo handled.
The Port of Kandla Special Economic Zone (KASEZ) was the first special economic zone to be established in India and in Asia. Established in 1965, the Port of Kandla SEZ is the biggest multiple-product SEZ in the country. Kandla is the first Export Processing Zone in India. Covering over 310 hectares, the special economic zone is just nine kilometers from the Port of Kandla. Today, the Port of Kandla is India's hub for exporting grains and importing oil and one of the highest-earning ports in the country. Major imports entering the Port of Kandla are petroleum, chemicals, and iron and steel and iron machinery, but it also handles salt, textiles, and grain. A town has grown up on the port with a school and hotel etc.
- Soundarapandian, Mookkiah (2011). Development of Special Economic Zones in India: Policies and issues. Concept Publishing Company. p. 194. ISBN 978-81-8069-772-2. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- Francis C (2010). International Business : Text And Cases, 5/e PB. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 703. ISBN 978-81-203-4214-9. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- Lloyd's List Ports of the World. Informa Pub. Group. 2007. p. 595. Retrieved 4 June 2012.