Kandyagash

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kandyagash
Қандыағаш
Town
Kandyagash is located in Kazakhstan
Kandyagash
Kandyagash
Location in Aktobe Province, Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 49°27′20″N 57°24′58″E / 49.45556°N 57.41611°E / 49.45556; 57.41611Coordinates: 49°27′20″N 57°24′58″E / 49.45556°N 57.41611°E / 49.45556; 57.41611
Country Kazakhstan
Province Aktobe Province
District Mugalzhar District
Railway station 1905
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 29,169
Time zone Yekaterinburg Time (UTC+5)

Kandyagash (Kazakh: Қандыағаш) is a town and the administrative center of Mugalzhar District in Aktobe Province of western Kazakhstan.[2] Population: 29,169 (2009 Census results);[1] 25,553 (1999 Census results).[1]

History[edit]

Kandyagash (also spelled as Kandygach) was founded in 1905 as a railway station.[3] At the time, Kandagach was a part of Aktyubinsky Uyezd of Turgay Oblast.[4]

In 1920, Turgay Oblast was transformed to Turgay Governorate, and in 1921, it was abolished and included into Orenburg-Turgay Governorate. In the same year, Kandagach was transferred to Aktyubinsk Governorate of Kirghiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1925, the republic was renamed Kazak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. On January 17, 1928 the governorate was abolished, and Kandagach was transferred to Aktyubinsk Okrug. The uyezds were abolished as well.[5]

In 1932, Aktobe Province was established. On July 5, 1933 Klyuchevoy District (currently Alga District) was established, and Kandyagach became a part of this district.[6] In 1936, the republic was transformed into Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. By 1958, Kandagach already have the status of urban-type settlement.[7] In 1963, in the course of abortive Khrushchev's administrative reform, a number of districts were merged into Kandagach Industrial District, with the administrative center in Kandyagash.

In the 1960s, substantial phosphate deposits were discovered nearby (Chilisay deposits). In 1967, the administrative divisions of Aktobe Province were changed, and Oktyabrsky District (currently Mugalzhar District) was created. Kandyagash was granted town status, renamed Oktyabrsk (to commemorate 50 years after the October Revolution), and made the administrative center of the district.[8]

Subsequently, a large plant serving the phosphate deposits was built and became by far the largest industrial enterprise in the town. Until the 1990s, Oktyabrsk experienced a rapid grownt of population. After Kazakhstan became independent in 1991, the plant was basically abandoned, and the town got into a very difficult situation when most of the population was unemployed and most of the communications non-existent. By 1997, the population was halved. In the 1990s, the emergency state was introduced in the town. In 1997, Oktyabrsk was renamed Kandyagash. The town was subsequently reoriented to serve natural gas deposits.[8]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Kandyagash has a chemical plant and a construction materials plant, as well as the oil refinery.[8]

Transportation[edit]

Kandyagash is a rail junction station, where two railways cross: The Trans-Aral Railway, which connects Orenburg and Tashkent via Aktobe and Kyzylorda, and another one connecting Sol-Iletsk with Atyrau and further with Astrakhan.

The town is connected by roads with Aktobe, Atyrau, and Embi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Мугалжарский район (in Russian). Департамент статистики Актюбинской области. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  3. ^ Западно-Казахстанская железная дорога (in Russian). История создания железных дорог России. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Кожакметова, Гульназ Кабдушевна (2008). "Формирование регионального торгового рынка Северо-Западного Казахстана и Южного Урала (вторая половина ХҮІІІ – ХIХ вв.)" (in Russian). Западно-Казахстанский государственный университет им. М. Утемисова. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Каратаев, Абат (February 2, 2012). От волостей к районам (in Russian). Актюбинский вестник. Retrieved 1 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Административно-территориальное деление нашего края (19-21 века) (in Russian). История Актюбинской области. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Каратаев, Абат (February 2, 2012). От волостей к районам (in Russian). Актюбинский Вестник. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Байгуринов, Жубаныш (April 10, 2012). Малые города: пути становления (in Russian). Казахстанская Правда. Retrieved 16 June 2012.