Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
|Elevation||733 m (2,405 ft)|
|• Rank||16th in Himachal Pradesh|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Historically known as Nagarkot and "Trigarta".the town of Kangra was founded by Katoch Kshatriya Rajputs of Chandervanshi Lineage . The Katoch Rajas had a stronghold here, with a fort and rich temples.
The temple of Devi Vajreshwari was one of the oldest and wealthiest in northern India. It was destroyed, together with the fort and the town, by 1905 Kangra earthquake on the 4 April 1905, when 1339 lives were lost in this place alone, and about 20,000 elsewhere. In 1855 the headquarters of the district were removed to the cantonment of Dharmsala, which was established in 1849.
Invasions on Nagarkot
After invading and occupying Kumaon and Garhwal in 1790, the Gurkhas invaded Kangra in 1806 and occupied it until the British took it back in 1815. The princely state of Kangra was merged in India in 1948 by the then titled Raja of Kangra-Lambagraon namely Raja Druv Dev Chand Katoch. It was part of composite Punjab till November 1966 when it got transferred to Himachal Pradesh.
Kangra is located at  It has an average elevation of 733 metres (2404 ft). The district of Kangra extends from the Jalandhar Doab far into the southern ranges of the Himalaya. It is a town at the confluence of the Bener River and Majhi River, and Beas is an important river here..
Tea cultivation was introduced into Kangra valley about 1850. The Palampur fair, established by government with a view to fostering commerce with central Asia, attracts a small concourse of Yarkandi merchants. The Lahulis carry on an enterprising trade with Ladakh and countries beyond the frontier, by means of pack sheep and goats. Rice, tea, potatoes, opium, spices, wool and honey are the chief exports.
Kangra valley is one of the most picturesque, green and luxuriant valleys of lower Himalyas sheltered by the sublime Dhauladhar range.This one of the most important or famous district of Himachal Pradesh due to its popularity. Kangra is mainly famous for its natural beauty and tea gardens. Number of people's visiting here every year. Many ancient temples like the Jawalaji Temple, Vajreshwari Devi temple, Chamunda Devi temple, chintapurni temple Baba Baroh, Masroor Temple built by Pandvas and Baijnath temple are found here. One can also pay a visit to Gopalpur Nature Park in Gopalpur village and can also see tea gardens there. Kangra Fort is also a popular tourist attraction. Mcleodganj near Dharamshala is the home-in-exile to the Dalai Lama. "Bhagsunag temple" is there. Cricket ground of Dharamshala is also a major attraction because of its location and good quality pitch for players. Maharaja Sansar Chandra Museum adjoins the Kangra Fort. Available at the Museum are Audio guides for the Kangra Fort and the Museum.
As of 2001 India census, Kangra had a population of 9,154. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kangra has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 81%. In Kangra, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Area Profile of Kangra Town
- Number of Households - 1,924
- Average Household Size(per Household) - 5.0
- Population-Total - 9,156
- Population-Urban - 9,156
- Proportion of Urban Population (%) - 100
- Population-Rural - 0
- Sex Ratio - 997
- Population(0-6Years) - 902
- Sex Ratio(0-6 Year) - 797
- SC Population - 660
- Sex Ratio (SC) - 1050
- Proportion of SC (%) - 7.0
- ST Population - 10
- Sex Ratio (ST) -150 0
- Proportion of ST (%) - 0
- Literates - 7,567
- Illiterates - 1,589
- Literacy Rate (%) - 92.0
- Kangra Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 397.
- Early Aryans to Swaraj By S.R. Bakshi, page 40
- Kangra District The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 380. .
- Dharamsala The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 301.
- "Official Wesite".
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kangra
- An Informative,Travel and Community website of Dharamsala,McleodGanj and Kangra Valley
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.