Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Kangra district.
Kangra
काँगड़ा
Nagarkot
city
Kangra is located in Himachal Pradesh
Kangra
Kangra
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27Coordinates: 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Kangra
Elevation 733 m (2,405 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 9,156
 • Rank 16th in Himachal Pradesh
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kangra is a city and a municipal council in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Historically it was known as Nagarkot.[1]

History[edit]

Historically known as Nagarkot[1] and "Trigarta".the town of Kangra was founded by Katoch Kshatriya Rajputs of Chandervanshi Lineage . The Katoch Rajas had a stronghold here, with a fort and rich temples.

Another ancient name of the city is Bhimagar[2] and it was supposedly founded by Raja Bhim, younger brother of Kuru Emperor Yudhisthira of Indraprastha (now Delhi).

The temple of Devi Vajreshwari was one of the oldest and wealthiest in northern India. It was destroyed, together with the fort and the town, by 1905 Kangra earthquake on the 4 April 1905, when 1339 lives were lost in this place alone, and about 20,000 elsewhere. In 1855 the headquarters of the district were removed to the cantonment of Dharmsala, which was established in 1849.[1][3][4]

Invasions on Nagarkot[edit]

Mahmud of Ghazni took the fort in 1009 and from one of the temples carried off a vast treasure. In 1360 Kangra was again plundered, by Feroz Shah Tughluq.

After invading and occupying Kumaon and Garhwal in 1790, the Gurkhas invaded Kangra in 1806 and occupied it until the British took it back in 1815. The princely state of Kangra was merged in India in 1948 by the then titled Raja of Kangra-Lambagraon namely Raja Druv Dev Chand Katoch. It was part of composite Punjab till November 1966 when it got transferred to Himachal Pradesh.[5]

Geography[edit]

Kangra is located at 32°06′N 76°16′E / 32.1°N 76.27°E / 32.1; 76.27.[6] It has an average elevation of 733 metres (2404 ft). The district of Kangra extends from the Jalandhar Doab far into the southern ranges of the Himalaya. It is a town at the confluence of the Bener River and Majhi River, and Beas is an important river here.

Economy[edit]

Tea cultivation was introduced into Kangra valley about 1850. The Palampur fair, established by government with a view to fostering commerce with central Asia, attracts a small concourse of Yarkandi merchants. The Lahulis carry on an enterprising trade with Ladakh and countries beyond the frontier, by means of pack sheep and goats. Rice, tea, potatoes, opium, spices, wool and honey are the chief exports.

Visitor's attractions[edit]

Kangra valley is one of the most picturesque, green and luxuriant valleys of lower Himalyas sheltered by the sublime Dhauladhar range. This one of the most important or famous district of Himachal Pradesh due to its popularity. Kangra is mainly famous for its natural beauty and tea gardens. Number of people's visiting here every year.

It is home of Masroor Rock Cut Temple, also known as Himalayan Pyramids and wonder of the world for being likely contender for the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Many ancient temples like the Jawalaji Temple, Vajreshwari Devi temple, Chamunda Devi temple, chintapurni temple Baba Baroh, Masroor Temple built by Pandvas and Baijnath temple are found here.

One can also pay a visit to Gopalpur Nature Park in Gopalpur village and can also see tea gardens there.

The Kangra Fort is also a popular tourist attraction. Mcleodganj near Dharamshala is the home-in-exile to the Dalai Lama.[7] "Bhagsunag temple" is there.

Cricket ground of Dharamshala is also a major attraction because of its location and good quality pitch for players.

Maharaja Sansar Chandra Museum adjoins the Kangra Fort. Available at the Museum are Audio guides for the Kangra Fort and the Museum.

Rock Cut Temple, Masroor

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Kangra had a population of 9,154. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kangra has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 81%. In Kangra, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Area Profile of Kangra Town[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[8]

  • Number of Households - 1,924
  • Average Household Size(per Household) - 5.0
  • Population-Total - 9,156
  • Population-Urban - 9,156
  • Proportion of Urban Population (%) - 100
  • Population-Rural - 0
  • Sex Ratio - 997
  • Population(0-6Years) - 902
  • Sex Ratio(0-6 Year) - 797
  • SC Population - 660
  • Sex Ratio (SC) - 1050
  • Proportion of SC (%) - 7.0
  • ST Population - 10
  • Sex Ratio (ST) -150 0
  • Proportion of ST (%) - 0
  • Literates - 7,567
  • Illiterates - 1,589
  • Literacy Rate (%) - 92.0

Transport[edit]

Kangra town is reached by Gaggal Airport (IATA airport code DHM) about 10 km to the town's north. The town is also reached by Kangra Valley Railway line from Pathankot 94 km away.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]