Kanhangad

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Kanhangad
കാഞ്ഞങ്ങാട്
Kottachery/Hosdurg
City
A view of Kanhangad Town
A view of Kanhangad Town
Kanhangad is located in Kerala
Kanhangad
Kanhangad
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°E / 12.30000; 75.09000Coordinates: 12°18′0″N 75°5.4′0″E / 12.30000°N 75.09000°E / 12.30000; 75.09000
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kasaragod
Government
 • Body Kanhangad Municipality
Area
 • City 39.54 km2 (15.27 sq mi)
 • Metro 139.8 km2 (54.0 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • City 73,342
 • Density 1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • Metro 229,706
Languages
 • Official Malayalam
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 671315
Telephone code 467
Vehicle registration KL 60, KL 14
Nearest Town Kasaragod
Lok Sabha constituency Kasaragod
Civic agency Kanhangad Municipality
Climate Tropical Monsoon (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 20 °C (68 °F)

Kanhangad is the Municipality and largest town in Kasaragod district of Kerala state followed by Kasaragod, Nileshwaram, Uppala, Thrikkarippur and Cheruvathur.

Cave Temple of Nithyananda

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Kanhangad had a population of 65,499. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Kanhangad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 74%. In Kanhangad, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The most widely spoken language is Malayalam. Other prominent languages spoken by communities living here include Konkani, Tulu and Kannada. A large GSB Brahmin community (who speaks Konkani) lives here. The famous Gowda Saraswat Brahmin temple, Lakshmi Venkatesh temple (LV temple) is also situated in Kanhangad. There is also a small Palghat Iyer Brahmin community which speaks a mix of Malayalam and Tamil.

State Government Offices[edit]

  • Sub Registrar Office, Hosdurg
  • Court
  • Mini Civil station
  • District hospital
  • SRTO
  • Sub Treasury
  • Police Station Hosdurg Circle
  • Office of the DySP
  • Office of The Drugs Inspector
  • District Homeohospital


Famous personalities[edit]

Vidwan P Kelu Nair

He was a famous freedom fighter, poet, musician and an actor . He was the founder teacher of the Then Vijnanadayani Sanskrita Padhashala the only one of its kind in the entire north Kerala, now it is kept as a memorial inside the campus of Mahakavi P Smaraka Govt Voccational Higher Secondary school, Bellikoth.

Mahakavi P Kunhiraman Nair (1906–1972)

He was one of the greatest poets of Kerala. He was known as the 'Soundarya Kavi'. He was from Bellikoth in Kanhangad. He also worked as Malayalam Teacher. He was a great traveller and wrote poems describing the scenic beauty of nature. He won the Kendra Sahitya Academy Award for his work Thamarathoni.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture and fishing are the primary source of income for residents of the region. The soil and topography allow for a diverse selection of crops: Rubber, pepper, cashew and ginger are the important crops that are grown in the eastern part of the region, which comprises forests and hilly areas. In the coastal areas are grown: coconut, rice and tobacco.

Since the oil boom of the 80’s, young people have migrated to the oil producing Gulf countries in pursuit of lucrative job opportunities. This has considerably changed the economic situation and life style of the residents. Many families depend on money sent home by family members working in the Gulf and other regions.

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Nityananda Ashramam, which is situated on the hillock about half a km south of the Hosdurg taluk office, was founded by Swami Nityananda. The spot was at first part of a forest area. Here Swami Nityananda constructed 45 guhas (caves) in a mountain slope. There is a temple built in 1963, after the style and design of the famous Somanatha Temple in Gujarat. A full size statue of Swami Nityananda in sitting posture made of panchaloha is one of the attractions of the asramam.
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Church - oldest in the district constructed in 1890 AD. 15 km north of Kasargod. This Gothic style Roman Catholic church which is under the Manglore Diocese, has celebrated its centenary recently and also renovated.
  • Birthplace of Poet P. Kunhiraman Nair, veteran freedom fighter and playwright Vidwan P.Kelu Nair and Rasika siromani Kanan Nair. A cultural centre of the district.
  • Madiyan Kulom temple is situated in Ajanur panchayat. It is about five km from Kanhangad, the headquarters of Hosdurg taluk. The main deity of the temple is Bhadrakali; but there are also other deities like Kshetrapalan, Bhagavathi and Bhairavan. A peculiarity of this temple is that a Brahmin priest performs pooja only in the noon, while the morning and evening poojas are performed by a sect called Maniyanis. The festivals in the temple fall during the months of Edavam (May, June) and Dhanu (December, January) and on these days all the poojas are performed in connection with this festival.
  • Ananda Ashramam, situated about five km east of the Kanhangad Railway Station, was founded in 1939 by Swami Ramadas, a great Vaishnava saint of modern times. The main asramam and other buildings have a beautiful setting in the midst of shady mango, coconut and other groves. There is a hill to the east of the asramam, to which the devotees retire for quiet meditation and from its west, the surrounding extensive landscape can be seen in its natural grandeur. The spot at the highest point of the hill is so fascinating that the devotees, who go up the hill and sit silently, are blessed with deep peace and tranquillity.

Climate[edit]

The southwest monsoon starts towards the end of May or the beginning of June, heralded by thunderstorms and prevails until September when the rain fades out. October brings the northeast monsoon. Dry weather sets in by the end of December. January and February are the coolest months of the year. March, April and May are very hot.

Major Educational Institutions[edit]

Nehru Arts and Science College[1]

Other Colleges and Schools[edit]

Kendriya Vidyala, GOVT. HSS Hosdurg, Durga Higher Secondary School, Little Flower Girls HSS, MPGHSS Bellikoth, IHSS Ajanur, GHSS Balla East, Swami NithyanandA Poly technic College, North Malabar Institute of Technology, Swami Nithyananda Institute of Technology, GOVT Nursing School, Grotech ITI, G- TECH College, Vidyamandir college, Scholar college, Universal College

Hospitals[edit]

District Hospital

Deepa Nursing home

Krishna Nursing Home

Manzoor Hospital

Kanhangad Nursing Home

Places of Worship[edit]

Sri Mahavishnu Temple, Vishnumangalam,Mavungal

Ajanoor Sree Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple, Beach

Sri Kuthirakaali Amma Devasthanam,Mavungal

Pullikaringali Amma Devasthanam Kizhakkumkara

Muhiyaddien Juma masjid Kothikkal

Transportation[edit]

Road

Kanhangad is on National Highway 66 (formerly NH 17) between Kannur and Kasaragod. Kanhngad is well connected to Kannur, Kozhikode,Trivandrum,Kasaragod and Mangalore thhrough Rail and Road. SH 57 connects Kanhangad to Kasaragod Via Bekal Fort and Chandragiri.Kanhangad is well connected to coorg via Panathur. SH 56 is the major road which connects Kanhangad and Panathur.

A plenty of KSRTC and private buses connect Kanhangad with places like Kasaragod, Kannur, Payyannur,Nileshwaram, Panathur, Konnakkad, Cherupuzha,Bantadukka etc.

Railway

Kanhangad railway station is the one of the major railway station in the Manguluru- Shornur railway line under category A. Most of the train has a stoppage at Kanhangad. The proposed railway line between Kanhangad and Kaniyur is under review.

Air

Bajpe international Airport, Manguluru is the nearest airport and it is 94 km away from Kanhangad Via NH66. The proposed Kannur International Airport is another airport near by and it is 86 km away from Kanhangad.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.