Kanjō-bugyō

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Kanjō-bugyō (勘定奉行?) were officials of the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo period Japan. Appointments to this prominent office were usually fudai daimyō.[1] Conventional interpretations have construed these Japanese titles as "commissioner" or "overseer" or "governor."

This bakufu title identifies an official with responsibility for finance. The office of kanjō-bugyō was created in 1787 to upgrade the status and authority of the pre-1787 finance chief (kanjō-gashira).[2]

It was a high-ranking office, in status roughly equivalent to a gaikoku-bugyō; the status of this office ranked slightly below that of daimyo, ranking a little below the machi-bugyō. The number of kanjō bugyō varied, usually five or six in the late Tokugawa period.[1]

The kanjō-bugyō was considered to rank approximately with the gunkan-bugyō.[3] The kanjō-gimmiyaku were bakufu officials of lower rank who were subordinate to the kanjō-bugyō.[1]

List of kanjō-bugyō[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Beasley 2001, p. 324.
  2. ^ Roberts 1998, p. 207.
  3. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 322.
  4. ^ Nussbaum & Roth 2005, "Umezo Masagake", p. 1014, p. 1014, at Google Books.
  5. ^ a b Beasley 2001, p. 335.
  6. ^ a b Beasley 2001, p. 334.
  7. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 337.
  8. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 341.
  9. ^ a b Beasley 2001, p. 338.
  10. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 340.
  11. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 336.
  12. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 333.
  13. ^ Screech 2006, p. 241 n 69.
  14. ^ Beasley 2001, p. 107.
  15. ^ Sansom 1963, p. 27.

References[edit]