Kankakee State Hospital
|Kankakee State Hospital|
|Location||100 E Jeffery St, Kankakee, IL 60901, Kankakee County, Illinois, United States|
|Founded||September 4, 1879|
|Closed||Still in operation|
|Lists||Hospitals in Illinois|
Samuel H. Shapiro Developmental Center formerly named Kankakee State Hospital, is a psychiatric hospital located in Kankakee County, Illinois on the banks of the Kankakee River. In 1877 the General Assembly established the Illinois Eastern Hospital for the Insane and empowered the Governor to appoint a seven-member commission to select a site within northeastern Illinois on which to locate the institution. After selection of a site in Kankakee, three trustees were appointed by the Governor to supervise planning and construction, choose a superintendent, and operate the hospital, subject to inspection by the Board of State Commissioners of Public Charities.
The hospital opened on September 4, 1879 and began to operate a training school for nurses in 1886. The board of trustees and the Board of State Commissioners of Public Charities were abolished in 1909 when control of all state charitable institutions passed to the newly created Board of Administration. As part of this reorganization, the institution became Kankakee State Hospital effective January 1, 1910.
In 1917, the Department of Public Welfare assumed responsibility for Kankakee State Hospital and retained control until the creation of the Department of Mental Health in 1961 (L. 1961, p. 2666). In 1975, the institution became a center for the care and treatment of the developmentally disabled only. All other patients were transferred to other mental health facilities and the institution became the Kankakee Mental Health Center. It was finally renamed the Samuel H. Shapiro Developmental Center in honor of the Illinois Governor (1968–1969) who resided in Kankakee.
As of the end of fiscal year 2009, the center had 1,049.6 employees and an annual appropriation of $75,494,500. As of the end of fiscal year 2007, it had 604 residents and an annual cost per resident of $5,612.
There are underground utility tunnels leading from building to building in the facility. These tunnels were similar to nearby Manteno State Hospital's tunnels. This is a result of having a central steam plant for building heating, and it is typical of hospitals constructed under the Kirkbride Plan.
Notable staff 
- Kankakee State Hospital rootsweb.com
- "Shapiro Developmental Center – GRF". Retrieved 2009-10-11.
- http://www.auditor.illinois.gov/Audit-Reports/Compliance-Agency-List/DHS/Shapiro-DC/FY07-Shapiro-DC-Comp-digest.htm Retrieved 2009-10-11.
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