Kannemeyeria

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Kannemeyeria
Temporal range: Early Triassic
Kannemeyeria erithrea.JPG
Skull of Kannemeyeria erithrea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Order: Therapsida
Infraorder: Dicynodontia
Family: Kannemeyeriidae
Genus: Kannemeyeria
Seeley, 1908
Species
  • K. argentinensis
  • K. erithrea
  • K. latifrons
  • K. simocephalus (Weithofer, 1888)
  • K. simocephalica
  • K. vanhoepeni
Synonyms
  • Shaanbeikannemeyeria Cheng, 1980

Kannemeyeria was a large dicynodont of the family Kannemeyeriidae, one of the first representatives of the family, and hence one of the first large herbivores of the Triassic. It lived during the later Early and early Middle part of the Triassic period (from the late Olenekian to the Middle Anisian age).

Description[edit]

Kannemeyeria.
K. simocephalus skull at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin

Kannemeyeria was about 3 m (10 ft) in length, about the size of an ox. It was well-adapted to living as a herbivore; it had a powerful beak and strong jaw muscles built for shearing plant material. Although it had a large head, it was lightweight due to the size of the eye sockets and nasal cavity. It also had limb girdles which formed massive plates of bone that helped support its heavily built body.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Various species of the genus Kannemeyeria are known from South Africa, Argentina, India, and (either this or a similar genus) China, and it can be assumed that, like many animals of this time, it had worldwide distribution.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 191. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.