Kano State

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Kano State
State
Flag of Kano State
Flag
Seal of Kano State
Seal
Nickname(s): Centre of Commerce
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Location of Kano State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500Coordinates: 11°30′N 8°30′E / 11.500°N 8.500°E / 11.500; 8.500
Country  Nigeria
Date created May 27, 1967
Capital Kano
Government
 • Governor[1] Dr Rabi'u Musa Kwankwaso (People's Democratic Party)
 • Senators
 • Representatives List
Area
 • Total 20,131 km2 (7,773 sq mi)
Area rank 20th of 36
Population (2011 estimate)[2]
 • Estimate () 11,058,300 Increase
 • Rank 1st of 36
GDP (PPP)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $12.39 billion[3]
 • Per capita $1,288[3]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG
Website kano.gov.ng
^1 Preliminary results

Kano State is a state located in North-Western Nigeria and the most populous state of the Nigerian Federation.[4] Created on May 27, 1967 from part of the Northern Region, Kano state borders Katsina State to the north-west, Jigawa State to the north-east, Bauchi State to the south-east and Kaduna State to the south-west. The capital of Kano State is Kano.

The state originally included Jigawa State which was made a separate state in 1991.

Economy and society[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Subsistence and commercial agriculture is mostly practiced in the outlying districts of the state. Some of the food crops cultivated are millet, cowpeas, sorghum, maize and rice for local consumption while groundnuts and cotton are produced for export and industrial purposes. During the colonial period and several years after the country’s independence, the groundnuts produced in the state constituted one of the major sources revenue of the country. Kano State is a major producer of hides and skins, sesame, soybean, cotton, garlic, gum arabic and chili pepper.

Commerce[edit]

Commercial activities in Kano first developed with the establishment of the Kurmi market by the Emir of Kano Muhammadu Rumfa in the 16th Century CE. Subsequent leaders made contributions to the emergence of Kano as a leading commercial center in Sudanic Africa. During the Caliphate period in the 19th century the Emirs Ibrahim Dado and Sulaimanu encouraged traders to move from Katsina, capitalising on raids from the Hausa Sultanate of Maradi. The Jihad leaders of the Caliphate encouraged Kola nut trade and Kano was the greatest beneficiary with an annual turnover of about $30 million. Craft industries also evolved in the pre-colonial period contributing to the prosperity of the province.

Industry[edit]

Kano State is the second largest industrial center in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc.

Tourism[edit]

The tourist attractions in the state include:

  • Kurmi Market established in the 15th century,
  • Kano's centuries-old city wall,
  • Gidan Rumfa (Emir’s Palace, the oldest continuous site of authority in Nigeria)

Local Government Areas[edit]

The state is home to 44 Local Government Areas (LGAs):

LGA Name Area (km2) Census 2006
population
Administrative capital Postal
Code
Fagge 21 198,828 Waje 700
Dala 19 418,777 Gwamaja 700
Gwale 18 362,059 Gwale 700
Kano Municipal 17 365,525 Kofar Kudu 700
Tarauni 28 221,367 Unguwa Uku 700
Nassarawa 34 596,669 Bompai 700
Kumbotso 158 295,979 Kumbotso 700
Ungogo 204 369,657 Ungogo 700
Kano Metropolitan Area 499 2,828,861 700
Dawakin Tofa 479 247,875 Dawakin Tofa 701
Tofa 202 97,734 Tofa 701
Rimin Gado 225 104,790 Rimin Gado 701
Bagwai 405 162,847 Bagwai 701
Gezawa 340 282,069 Gezawa 702
Gabasawa 605 211,055 Zakirai 702
Minjibir 416 213,794 Minjibir 702
Dambatta 732 207,968 Dambatta 702
Makoda 441 222,399 Makoda 702
Kunchi 671 111,018 Kunchi 703
Bichi 612 277,099 Bichi 703
Tsanyawa 492 157,680 Tsanyawa 703
Shanono 697 140,607 Shanono 704
Gwarzo 393 183,987 Gwarzo 704
Karaye 479 141,407 Karaye 704
Rogo 802 227,742 Rogo 704
Kabo 341 153,828 Kabo 704
Northern Kano State 8,332 3,143,899 701 to 704
Bunkure 487 170,891 Bunkure 710
Kibiya 404 136,736 Kibiya 710
Rano 520 145,439 Rano 710
Tudun Wada 1,204 231,742 Tudun Wada 710
Doguwa 1,473 151,181 Riruwai 710
Madobi 273 136,623 Madobi 711
Kura 206 144,601 Kura 711
Garun Mallam 214 116,494 Garun Mallam 711
Bebeji 717 188,859 Bebeji 711
Kiru 927 264,781 Kiru 711
Sumaila 1,250 253,661 Sumaila 712
Garko 450 162,500 Garko 712
Takai 598 202,743 Takai 712
Albasu 398 190,153 Albasu 712
Gaya 613 201,016 Gaya 713
Ajingi 714 174,137 Ajingi 713
Wudil 362 185,189 Wudil 713
Warawa 360 128,787 Warawa 713
Dawakin Kudu 384 225,389 Dawakin Kudu 713
Southern Kano State 11,554 3,410,922 710 to 713

Languages[edit]

The official language of Kano State is English but the Hausa language, Fulani and Igbo are commonly spoken. [5]

Population[edit]

According to the 2006 census figures from Nigeria Kano State had a population totaling 9,383,682. Officially, Kano State is the most populous state in the country.[4] The state is mostly populated by Hausa people.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See List of Governors of Kano State for a list of prior governors
  2. ^ "Nigeria:Federal States & Major Cities- Statistics & Maps on City Population". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  3. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  4. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa (2003). "Brief History of Kano 999 to 2003". http://www.kanostate.net/. Kano State Government Nigeria. Retrieved 2009-12-07. 
  6. ^ http://www.onlinenigeria.com/map.gif

"Commercial Agriculture Development Project (CADP)". 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 

External links[edit]