Kanotix

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Kanotix
Kanotix-hellfire.png
Kanotix-Hellfire-Live-screenshot
Company / developer Jörg Schirottke (Aka. Kano)
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open-source
Latest release Dragonfire-LinuxTag 2014, Spitfire-Preview-LinuxTag 2014 / May 11, 2014 (2014-05-11)
Kernel type Monolithic
Default user interface KDE Plasma Desktop, LXDE
License mostly DFSG, non-free firmware
Official website www.kanotix.org

Kanotix, also referred to as KANOTIX, is an operating system Live CD based on Debian, with advanced hardware detection.[1][2] It can run from an optical disc drive or other media i.e. USB-stick without using a hard disk drive.

Kanotix uses KDE Software Compilation as the default desktop environment. The new release "Dragonfire" ships with LXDE as a second lightweight desktop environment. Other window managers can be downloaded using APT. The name "Kanotix" is derived from the founder's nickname "Kano". Kanotix's mascot is a fangtooth.

Content[edit]

Kanotix is based on the newest Debian stable (the last published version is Kanotix "Dragonfire-LinuxTag 2014" based on Debian 7 "Wheezy"[3]). It also provides its own packages and scripts and many backports.[4] Kanotix also provides an optimized kernel (using Ubuntu-recompiled) with additional patches.[5]

Kanotix includes about 1,500 software packages, among others

Usage[edit]

Kanotix is designed for multiple-purpose usage[6] so that it can be used in live mode on different types of media (DVD, hard disk, and USB flash drive) and includes an installation tool for installing Kanotix to the hard drive. The distribution ships with the latest kernel which is carefully patched with fixes and drivers for most modern hardware. Kanotix is an ideal tool for testing, data rescue, or for working and safe surfing and mailing on different machines e.g. in an Internet cafe.

Live mode[edit]

The Live mode allows it to work without any installation. As Kanotix comes with unionfs and aufs-support one can "install" additional packages by using APT (via connection to the Internet). For USB-users the so-called "persistent mode" allows to save data changes back to the USB storage device and the stored data and customized settings can used again on following boots. Using USB flash drive (when supported by BIOS), is of course much faster than booting from CD or DVD.

Installation[edit]

Kanotix can be installed to the hard disk using the (graphical) acritoxinstaller,[7] which, depending on optical drive, hard disk and processor speed, can take around 10–20 minutes. The acritoxinstaller is a KDE/Qt frontend and a bash backend and comes with a user-friendly interface and several advanced features: e.g. LVM support, dmraid support, automatic partitioning (including ntfsresize-support), installation to USB-HDDs.

Versions[edit]

History (2003–2006)[edit]

The distribution derived from "Kano's Scriptpage for Knoppix". He wrote about Knoppix: "I like it much, but I had to improve it :)".[8] One of the main differences from Knoppix was the support of hard disk installation. The first "Kanotix"-preview was released at 24 December 2003 "KANOTIX XMAS 2003 PREVIEW". In 2004 and 2005 KANOTIX was a popular distribution ranking in the top 20 of distrowatch.com.[9][10] In 2004 the releases were named "Bug Hunter" (Bug Hunter-01-2004 - X-2004).

After problems with the stability in 2006 Jörg "Kano" Schirottke decided to move from Debian Sid to a less volatile basis.[11] The co-developer and other of the Kanotix-Team wanted to stay with Debian-Sid and left the project, to start sidux, a new distribution based on Debian sid. The last Kanotix release based on Debian Sid was 2006-01-RC4.[12]

Versions based on Debian stable (2007–current)[edit]

Kanotix-Thorhammer-Release 2007[edit]

The first Release based on Debian-stable was the Kanotix-Thorhammer in 2007. After the Debian-Etch-Release in April 2007 Kanotix was no longer compatible with Debian Sid. So a Howto was given, "Steps to update right", to move a KANOTIX-installation to the new base by dist-upgrade.[13]

After 3 months of development and several beta Releases the new Kanotix-2007-Thorhammer-RC6[14] was publicly available for download. The last published version was Kanotix-2007-Thorhammer-RC7. The development in 2008 featured continuously kernel-updates and a lot of backports in the Thorhammer-repository. Some of the additional packages were adaptations for netbooks and notebooks. A highlighted additional backport was OpenOffice.org 3.2.x

Kanotix-Excalibur-2010[edit]

The (old) stable Release 2010 Kanotix-Excalibur was based on Debian 5 ("Lenny") and had compared to Thorhammer some basic changes (based on Debian-Live, bootloader Grub2). Furthermore Kanotix-Excalibur was available for 32-Bit and 64-Bit architecture and a 2in1 iso with both. Additionally there are Kanotix Excalibur 2010 KDE4 (KDE SC 4.3.2) versions available and a "all-in-one"-DVD.iso. Kanotix-Excalibur contains the more up-to-date Ubuntu-kernels 2.6.32-BFS with special patches. During the development most of the Kanotix-Excalibur-test.iso were not published but accessible to the community.[15] A first "Preview"-Version was published on December,27 2009.[16] The final Kanotix-Excalibur-2010 was released on 8 June 2010, just in time for LinuxTag 2010.[17][18][19]

Kanotix-Hellfire-2011/2012[edit]

The next stable version, code-name Kanotix-Hellfire is based on Debian 6 ("Squeeze"). It ships with KDE Software Compilation 4 for 32-Bit and 64-Bit architecture and a complete new branding stuff, new kernel (2.6.38), LibreOffice 3.3.2 and more.[20] An updated version Kanotix-Hellfire 2011-05 was released with the project's presentation at LinuxTag 2011 in Berlin[21][22] and again with version Kanotix-Hellfire 2012-05 one year later during the LinuxTag 2012[23][24] With the so-called "GFX overlays" that enables to use Nvidia or ATI 3D graphics driver in live mode, Kanotix-Hellfire provides this new feature first time.

Kanotix-Dragonfire-2012-2014[edit]

The newest stable version, code-name Kanotix-Dragonfire is based on Debian 7 ("Wheezy"). A Preview of this Kanotix-Version was offered at LinuxTag 2012 in several versions in 32 and 64 bit. Also a new repository for Kanotix-Dragonfire was added with backported KDE4.8 packages (amd64 and i386).[25] New features in Kanotix-Dragonfire are: booting from/with DVD, USB, UEFI (PCs, Intel Macs), an embedded USB-Stick ImageWriter for Mac OS X and the USB-Stick with Hybrid-ISO can now be made persistent from the live-system.[26]

A preview of the current release "Kanotix-acritox-trialshot" was announced on 14 February 2013.[27] A special "CeBIT" edition was released "as a Technology Demonstration" on 8 March 2013.[28]

A new official Kanotix-Dragonfire was announced from LinuxTag 2013 in Berlin.[29] Beside KDE as default desktop environment the new release ships with LXDE as a second lightweight desktop environment. In the KDE-Special version the extra 3D graphics drivers from nvidia and AMD and the Steam-client are already preinstalled.

An updated release of the stable Kanotix was presented at LinuxTag 2014 in Berlin.

Kanotix-Spitfire-2014[edit]

Kanotix Spitfire is a preview based on the next Debian release (Jessie, currently testing). Several Kanotix-LinuxTag images for 32 and 64 bit are offered for download. [30]

Current development and test versions[edit]

The developer of the official Kanotix-installer "Acritox" gives on his website an insight on the state of development and also offers current Kanotix-test versions, called "kanotix-acritox-trialshots" and since 25 November 2013 nightly builds for download and testing.[31]

All Images of "Kanotix Dragonfire": Debian Wheezy + KDE 4.8.4 (official Debian packages) were also available as LXDE versions in 32 and 64 bit.

Kanotix based on Debian-stable
Version Date Name Debian-Version
2014-05 2014-05-11 Spitfire LinuxTag 2014 8.0 Jessie
2014-05 2014-05-11 Dragonfire LinuxTag 2014 7.0 Wheezy
2013-05 2013-05-22 Dragonfire LinuxTag 2013 7.0 Wheezy
2013-03 2013-03-06 Dragonfire CeBIT-Edition 7.0 Wheezy
2012-05 2012-05-23 Dragonfire 2012-05 7.0 Wheezy
2012-05 2012-05-23 Hellfire 2012-05 6.0 Squeeze
2011-05 2011-05-11 Hellfire 2011-05 6.0 Squeeze
2011-03 2011-03-02 Hellfire 2011-03 6.0 Squeeze
2010 2010-06-08 Excalibur 5.0 Lenny
2009 2009-12-27 Excalibur (Preview) 5.0 Lenny
2007 2007-12-31 Thorhammer (RC7) 4.0 Etch
2007 2007-09-15 Thorhammer (RC6) 4.0 Etch
Kanotix based on Debian-unstable (no longer supported)
Version Date Name
01-2006 2006-10-02 2006-01 (RC4)
2006 2006-05-14 2006-VDR (RC6)
2006 2006-05-14 2006-Easter (RC4)
2006 2006-03-11 2006-CeBit (RC3)
2005-04 2005-12-31
2005-03 2005-06-06
2005-02 2005-04-10
2005-01 2005-02-12
10-2004 2004-11-28 Bug Hunter X
09-2004 2004-10-17 Bug Hunter 09
08-2004 2004-09-20 Bug Hunter 08
07-2004 2004-07-29 Bug Hunter 07
06-2004 2004-07-01 Bug Hunter 06
05-2004 2004-04-23 Bug Hunter 05
04-2004 2004-03-19 Bug Hunter 04
03-2004 2004-03-02 Bug Hunter 03
02-2004 2004-02-07 Bug Hunter 02
01-2004 2004-02-03 Bug Hunter 01
01-2003 2003-12-24 XMAS Preview

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]