Kanpuku-ji (Yamakura, Katori)
|Denomination||Shingon Buzan Sect|
|Venerated||Dairoku Ten (大六天?)|
|Founding priest||Saichō (767 – 822)|
|Address||1934-1 Yamakura, Katori, Chiba Prefecture|
Kanpuku-ji (観福寺?) is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon Buzan Sect located in Yamakura, Katori, Chiba Prefecture. The temple is one of two temples in Katori with the same name, the other being Makinosan Kanpuku-ji.
Kanpuku-ji was, by legend, founded by Kūkai (774 – 835), the founder of Shingon Buddhism. Kūkai, in a visit to the region, found that residents of the area were suffering from infectious diseases. Kūkai fasted and prayed to Takejizai-ten (他化自在天?) and the Kosodate Kannon (子育観音?). The residents offered Kūkai salmon from the nearby Kuri River and were suddenly cured. The festival of the temple, held on the 7th of October annually, includes the offering of a raw salmon during a Buddhist service. The temple was founded by Saichō (767 – 822), founder of Tendai Buddhism, in his visit to the area. Kanpuku-ji served as an auxiliary temple to the nearby Yamakura Shrine until the Meiji Restoration. In 1871, under the shinbutsu bunri movement, temples and shrines were formally separated. Buddhist objects were removed from the Yamakura Shrine and installed in Kanpuku-ji, a process that lasted into the early 20th century.
- Mizuya, a roofed area with a water basin for hand washing
- Kyakuden, reception hall
- Kuri, monks' quarters
- Kōdō, lecture hall
- Nyōkyōsho, a place of offering of a Buddhist sutra
Order in Buddhist pilgrimage
Kanpuku-ji is located approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Narita International Airport, but is not easily accessible by public transportation. It can be reached by bus from Sawara Station or Omigawa Station on the JR East Narita Line.
- For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.