Kansas's 1st congressional district

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Kansas's 1st congressional district
Current Representative Tim Huelskamp (RFowler)
Distribution 52.49% urban, 47.51% rural
Population (2000) 672,091
Median income $34,869
Ethnicity 89.0% White, 2.1% Black, 1.0% Asian, 10.9% Hispanic, 0.5% Native American, 4.3% other
Cook PVI R+22[1]

Kansas's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Kansas. Commonly known as "The Big First," the district encompasses 69 counties in western and central Kansas (more than half of the state), making it the 11th largest congressional district in the nation. Located within the district are Salina, Dodge City, Emporia, Garden City, Hays and Hutchinson. The district is currently represented by Republican Tim Huelskamp who was elected in 2010 to succeed fellow Republican Jerry Moran who ran successfully for the U.S. Senate seat formerly held by now Governor Sam Brownback.

A characteristically rural district, the 1st is one of the most conservative districts in the nation. Republicans dominate every level of government, often winning by well over 70 percent of the vote on the occasions they face any opposition at all. Spilling across two time zones and parts of three television markets, it extremely difficult to campaign in and has few unifying influences. However, due to its size, its congressman is usually reckoned as a statewide political figure, with a very good chance of winning statewide office in the future. Since the 1st assumed its current configuration in 1963, three of its four congressmen have ascended to the Senate--Moran, Bob Dole and Pat Roberts.

The district from 2003 to 2013

History[edit]

Kansas had a single representative in the U.S. House of Representatives until after the 1870 U.S. Census, which showed that the state was entitled to three members of the lower branch of the national legislature. In 1872 three representatives-at-large were elected, but by the act of March 2, 1874, the legislature divided the state into three districts. The 1st Congressional District was composed of the counties of Leavenworth, Doniphan, Brown, Nemaha, Marshall, Washington, Republic, Jewell, Smith, Phillips, Norton, Graham, Rooks, Osborne, Mitchell, Cloud, Clay, Ottawa, Ellis, Ellsworth, Russell, Saline, Dickinson, Lincoln, Riley, Pottawatomie, Jackson, Jefferson, Atchison, Davis (Geary), "and all that territory lying north of the second standard parallel."

No changes were made in until after the 1880 U.S. census, which gave the state seven representatives. On March 5, 1883, Governor George Washington Glick approved an act of the legislature which reduced the 1st Congressional District to only include the counties of Nemaha, Brown, Doniphan, Pottawatomie, Jackson, Atchison, Jefferson and Leavenworth. The apportionment was amended by the act of March 13, 1897, which placed Shawnee County in the 1st Congressional District and Pottawatomie County in the 4th Congressional District.

Although the 1890 U.S. Census showed the population of Kansas to be large enough to entitle the state to eight representatives, no additional district was created until 1905. By the act of March 9, 1905, the state was divided into eight districts with the 1st Congressional District being composed of the counties of Nemaha, Brown, Doniphan, Jackson, Atchison, Jefferson, Leavenworth and Shawnee.[2]

The district's current configuration dates from the 1960 U.S. Census, when Kansas was reduced from six districts to five. The old 2nd Congressional District was eliminated, and most of its territory was merged with the old 6th Congressional District to form the new 1st District. It has remained more or less the same since then, and has been considerably enlarged due to the state's population shifts to the eastern side of the state bordering Missouri.

Demographics[edit]

Following redistricting after the U.S. Census in 2000,[3] there were 672,091 people, 260,490 households, and 177,858 families residing in the district. The population density was 11.7/mi² over a land area of 57,373 square miles (roughly the same size as the state of Illinois). There were 292,436 housing units at an average density of 5.1/mi². The racial makeup of the district is 89.02% White, 2.14% Black or African American, 0.95% Asian, 0.52% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.62% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.85% of the population.

There were 260,490 households out of which 34.52% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.65% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.72% were non-families. 27.58% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.75% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the district the population distribution by age was 26.46% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.27% from 25 to 44, 21.41% from 45 to 64, and 16.36% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.9 years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the district is $34,869, and the median income for a family was $42,292. Males had a median income of $29,662 versus $20,851 for females. The per capita income for the district was $17,255. About 7.8% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Among the population aged 16 years and older, 65.1% was in the civilian labor force and 0.4% were in the armed forces. Of the employed civilian workers, 16.3% were government workers and 11.4% were self-employed. Management, professional, and related occupations employed 29.4% of the work force and sales and office occupations an additional 23.4%. Only 2.7% were employed in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. The largest employment by industry was: educational, health and social services, 22.7%; manufacturing, 13.8%; retail trade, 11.7%; and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining, 10.1%.

List of representatives[edit]

Congress Representative Term Party Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1875
44th No image.svg William A. Phillips March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879 Republican Salina Redistricted from the At-large district
45th
46th John Alexander Anderson - Brady-Handy.jpg John A. Anderson March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1885 Republican Manhattan Redistricted to the 5th district
47th
48th
49th ENMorrill.jpg Edmund N. Morrill March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891 Republican Hiawatha Redistricted from the At-large district
50th
51st
52nd No image.svg Case Broderick March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1899 Republican Holton
53rd
54th
55th
56th Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis March 4, 1899 – January 28, 1907 Republican Topeka Redistricted from the 4th district, Resigned after being elected to the US Senate
57th
58th
59th
60th No image.svg Daniel R. Anthony, Jr. May 23, 1907 – March 3, 1929 Republican Leavenworth
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st No image.svg William Lambertson March 4, 1929 – January 3, 1945 Republican Fairview
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th No image.svg Albert M. Cole January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953 Republican Holton
80th
81st
82nd
83rd No image.svg Howard S. Miller January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 Democratic Morrill
84th William Henry Avery.png William H. Avery January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1963 Republican Wakefield Redistricted to the 2nd district
85th
86th
87th
88th Bob Dole, PCCWW photo portrait.JPG Bob Dole January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1969 Republican Russell Redistricted from the 6th district
elected to the Senate
89th
90th
92nd Keith Sebelius.jpg Keith Sebelius January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1981 Republican Norton
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th Pat Roberts official photo.jpg Pat Roberts January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1997 Republican Dodge City elected to the Senate
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th Jerry Moran, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jerry Moran January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011 Republican Hays elected to the Senate
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th Tim Huelskamp.jpg Tim Huelskamp January 3, 2011 – present Republican Fowler Incumbent
113th

Recent Election Results[edit]

2002[edit]

Kansas's 1st Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 186,850 91.10%
Libertarian Jack Warner 18,250 8.90%
Totals 205,100 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Kansas's 1st Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 239,776 90.72%
Libertarian Jack Warner 24,517 9.28%
Totals 264,293 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Kansas's 1st Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 153,298 78.65%
Democratic John Doll 38,820 19.92%
Reform Sylvester Cain 2,792 1.43%
Totals 194,910 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Kansas's 1st Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jerry Moran* 214,549 81.88%
Democratic James Bordonaro 34,771 13.27%
Reform Kathleen Burton 7,145 2.73%
Libertarian Jack Warner 5,562 2.12%
Totals 262,027 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Kansas's 1st Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Huelskamp 142,281 73.76%
Democratic Alan Jilka 44,068 22.85%
Libertarian Jack Warner 6,537 3.39%
Totals 192,886 100.00%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ Frank W. Blackmar, ed. (1912). "Congressional Districts". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... I. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. pp. 400–401. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 38°37′01″N 95°16′24″W / 38.61687°N 95.27344°W / 38.61687; -95.27344