Kansas Amendment 1

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Kansas Proposed Amendment 1,[1] which was put before voters on April 5, 2005,[2] is an amendment to the Kansas Constitution that makes it unconstitutional for the state to recognize or perform same-sex marriages or civil unions. The referendum was approved by 70% of the voters.[3]

The amendment states:[4]

(a) The marriage contract is to be considered in law as a civil contract. Marriage shall be constituted by one man and one woman only. All other marriages are declared to be contrary to the public policy of this state and are void. (b) No relationship, other than a marriage, shall be recognized by the state as entitling the parties to the rights or incidents of marriage.

The Kansas Equality Coalition grew out of the organized but ultimately unsuccessful political opposition to the amendment. The KEC is a statewide group of people determined to end discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and expression


  1. ^ Rothschild, Scott (2006-02-03). "Gay marriage ban in public's hands". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved 2006-12-22. 
  2. ^ Hann, John (6 April 2005). "Kansans vote to ban same-sex marriage". Boston.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Election Statistics, Kansas Secretary of State. Retrieved on December 22, 2006.
  4. ^ Kansas Constitution, Article XV, section 16. Retrieved on December 22, 2006.

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