Kantō dialect

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Kantō Japanese
Native to Japan
Region Kantō region
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog kant1251[1]
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Kanto dialects. Blue: Western Kantō and Hokkaidō. Azure: Eastern Kantō, transitional to Tōhoku. Green: Eastern Tōkai–Tōsan (Nagano–Yamanashi–Shizuoka), which lack the Western features of the more transitional Tōkai–Tōsan dialects.

The Kantō dialect (関東方言 kantō hōgen, 関東弁 kantō-ben) is a group of the Japanese dialects spoken in the Kantō region apart from the Izu Islands.[note 1] The Kanto dialect is including the Tokyo dialect which is the basis of the modern standard Japanese. Along with the Tohoku dialect, it has been characterized by a suffix -be or -ppe; Kanto speakers were called Kantō bei by Kansai speakers in the Edo period. The eastern Kantō dialect has more features common to the Tōhoku dialect. After the Pacific War, the southern Kanto regions such as Kanagawa, Saitama and Chiba prefectures developed as satellite cities of Tokyo,[clarification needed] and today traditional dialects in these areas are almost replaced by standard Japanese.

The Kanto dialects are:

Kanto Japanese in other regions[edit]

The Hokkaidō dialect is close to the standard Japanese because colonists came from various region and the standard Japanese is necessary for them to communicate. In the Ryukyu Islands, the standard Japanese developed into a dialect called Okinawan Japanese, which has been influenced by Ryukyuan languages.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In northern Izu Islands are Tokai–Tosan dialects, and in the southern islands are the Hachijō dialects.
  2. ^ northern Chiba Prefecture is a transitional area between Western and Eastern Kanto

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kantō Japanese". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.