Pokémon universe

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The Pokémon universe is a fictional continuity construct that exists in stories and works of fiction by video game company Nintendo. The Pokémon universe consists of numerous regions.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The concept of the Pokémon universe, in both the video games and the general fictional world of Pokémon, stems from the hobby of insect collecting, a popular pastime which Pokémon executive director Satoshi Tajiri-Oniwa enjoyed as a child.[1] Players of the games are designated as Pokémon Trainers, and the two general goals (in most Pokémon games) for such Trainers are: to complete the Pokédex by collecting all of the available Pokémon species found in the fictional region where that game takes place; and to train a team of powerful Pokémon from those they have caught to compete against teams owned by other Trainers, and eventually become the strongest Trainer: the Pokémon Master. These themes of collecting, training, and battling are present in almost every version of the Pokémon franchise, including the video games, the anime and manga series, and the Pokémon Trading Card Game.

Settings[edit]

There are several regions that have appeared in the various media of the Pokémon franchise. Each of the six generations of the main series releases focuses on a new region. Moreover, several regions have been introduced in spin-off games, and one in the Pokémon anime, though most of these are still within the same fictional universe. Usually, the different regions are not accessible from one another via land (or at all within a single game), with the exception being Kanto, which can be accessed from Johto and vice versa in the Pokémon Gold, Silver, Crystal, HeartGold and SoulSilver versions.

Every region consists of several cities and towns that the player must explore in order to overcome many waiting challenges such as Gyms, Contests, and villainous teams. At different locations within each region, the player can find different types of Pokémon, as well as helpful items and characters. Many regions are on separate continents,[citation needed] though many are based on parts of the real-world country of Japan (and the United States/France in the cases of Unova/Kalos). Most regions feature locations that have some significance to the story and are unique in that they have unique properties and usually involve myths.

Kanto[edit]

The Kanto Region serves as the setting for the first games (also known as a generation) in the series, Pokémon Red and Blue, their sequel Pokémon Yellow and their remakes, Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen. Based on the real life Kantō region of Japan, this setting made a staple for the geography and culture of the game's region to be based on a real world setting.

Serving as the home of the original 151 Pokémon, the region also introduced the common theme of each region having a separate team of antagonists, each with their own goals, outfits, and leader.

Johto[edit]

The game's second continent, the Johto Region, is the setting for the game's second generation of games, which includes Pokémon Gold and Silver, Pokémon Crystal, and their remakes, Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver. Again based on an area of Japan, this games geography is based upon the Kansai and Tokai areas of the country. The game setting shares its abundance of the region's temples, a famous architectural design of the Kansai and Tokai regions.

The Johto Region introduced 100 new Pokémon, but kept Team Rocket as the main antagonists. This generation of the series also started the tradition of having the region's legendary Pokémon on the box art. It also introduced two new types of Pokémon, Steel and Dark types.

Hoenn[edit]

The Hoenn Region serves as the setting for the third generation games, Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire, and Pokémon Emerald as well as their upcoming remakes Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire. This time being based on the Japanese island of Kyushu, the real world and game region share having an abundance of smaller islands around the main one.

Along with 135 new Pokémon species, this setting also introduced a new team of antagonists, different depending on if the player bought Ruby of Sapphire (though both teams appear in Emerald). The teams were Team Aqua and Team Magma, respectively for each game.

Sinnoh[edit]

Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, with their sequel Pokémon Platinum took place in the fictional region of Sinnoh, based on the northern most island of Japan, Hokkaidō. The region was meant to have a 'northern' feel, with some routes being entirely covered in snow.

The Sinnoh region introduced 107 new Pokémon and the antagonists of this region were Team Galactic. The game also introduced Arceus, a secret Pokémon who serves as this world's god and creator of the Pokémon universe.

Unova[edit]

The fifth generation of Pokémon took place in the Unova Region, which encompassed the setting of Pokémon Black and White, with their sequels Pokémon Black 2 and White 2 (the first time that the generation sequel did not feature one game). For the first time in the main series, the region was based on a region outside of Japan, with Unova taking inspiration from New York City, more specifically the island of Manhattan.

The antagonists, Team Plasma, were slightly based on the Knights Templar. The Unova region introduced 156 new Pokémon, the most of any previous region.

Kalos[edit]

The latest region of the Pokémon world is the Kalos region, which is where the games Pokémon X and Y take place. Like generation five, this sixth generation of Pokémon is based on a region not within Japan, and for the first time is a European style setting, being inspired almost entirely by France, with landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower having their own representations here, along with a French style of music and fashion.

This time, the antagonists of the game were Team Flare, and the game also shed some light on the Pokémon world's history, more specifically 3,000 years before the series first game. The region introduced the least amount of new Pokémon, totaling about 70. A new Fairy type was added, and for the first time in the main series, the games, both the over-world and the Pokémon battles, were in fully-fledged 3D.

Chronology[edit]

Creation[edit]

In the beginning, there was nothing but chaos. Then, at the center of the chaos, an egg appeared, from which hatched Arceus. Arceus then created Dialga, the embodiment of time, and Palkia, the embodiment of space. Arceus then created Azelf, Mesprit and Uxie; the spirits of willpower, emotion and knowledge respectively.

Works[edit]

Anime[edit]

Board games[edit]

Video games[edit]

Books[edit]

Films and specials[edit]

Manga[edit]

Manga released by Viz and Chuang Yi[edit]

Title Creator(s) Genre First issue Last issue Fully serialized?
Pokémon Adventures Hidenori Kusaka Action-adventure, Fantasy August 8, 1997 Ongoing No 
Pokémon: The Electric Tale of Pikachu Toshihiro Ono Action-adventure, Fantasy October 28, 1997 January 28, 2000 Yes 
Magical Pokémon Journey Yumi Tsukirino Action-adventure, Romance, Fantasy March 28, 1998 April 24, 2003 Yes 

Manga released by Viz[edit]

Manga released by Chuang Yi[edit]

  • Ash & Pikachu (Satoshi to Pikachu)
  • Pokémon Gold & Silver: The Golden Boys
  • Pokémon Ruby-Sapphire
  • Pokémon Pocket Monsters (Pocket Monster)
  • Pokémon Jirachi Wish Maker, based on the movie, Pokémon: Jirachi Wish Maker.
  • Pokémon Destiny Deoxys, based on the movie.
  • Pokémon Lucario and the Mystery of Mew, based on the movie.
  • Pokémon Battle Frontier (a.k.a. Pocket Monsters Emerald Challenge!! Battle Frontier), by Shigekatsu Ihara
  • Pikachu's Short Stories
  • Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea, based on the movie.
  • Pokémon The Rise of Darkrai, based on the movie.
  • Phantom Thief Pokémon 7, about a boy named Hiori having a double life as the "phantom thief" Pokémon 7. With his trusty partner, Lucario, he steals things from other thieves and returns them to their rightful owners.

Manga not released in English[edit]

  • Pokémon Colosseum Snatcher Leo (Japanese:ポケモンコロシアム スナッチャーズレオ) is the manga based on Pokémon Colosseum.
  • Pocket Monsters DP (Japanese: ポケットモンスターD・P(ダイヤモンド・パール) Pocket Monsters D・P (Diamond and Pearl)) created by Kosaku Anakubo.
  • Pocket Monsters HGSS (Japanese: ポケットモンスターHGSS) created by Kosaku Anakubo.
  • Pokémon 4Koma (Japanese: ポケットモンスター 4コマギャグバトル Pokémon 4Koma Gag Battle) from Kobunsha Publishing Co.
  • Pokémon Diamond/Pearl 4-koma Theatre by Ryuu Matsushita
  • Pocket Monsters Platinum: Aim to Be Battle King!! (Japanese: ポケットモンスタープラチナ めざせ!! バトル王) by Ryū Matsushima.
  • Pocket Monsters HGSS Jou's Big Adventure (Japanese: ポケットモンスターHGSS ジョウの大 冒険), This series is written by Ryū Matsushima.
  • Pokémon Puzzle Round Pikachu is an excellent Detective (Japanese: ポケモンクイズパズルランド ピカチュウは名たんてい)
  • Pokémon Card Ni Natta Wake (How I Became a Pokémon Card) by Kagemaru Himeno, an artist for the TCG. There are six volumes and each includes a special promotional card. The stories tell the tales of the art behind some of Himeno’s cards.
  • Pokémon Getto Da Ze! by Asada Miho
  • Poketto Monsutaa Chamo Chamo Puritei by Yumi Tsukirino, who also made Magical Pokémon Journey.
  • Mezase!! Card Master
  • Pocket Monsters Zensho by Satomi Nakamura
  • Pokémon Ranger, based on the game.
  • Pokémon Ranger Batonnage, based on the game.
  • Pokémon Mystery Dungeon 2, based on the game.
  • Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Blazing Exploration Team (Japanese: ポケモン不思議のダンジョン 炎の探検隊), is the manga based on Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers of Time and Explorers of Darkness.
  • Pokémon Battrio, based on the game.
  • Pocket Monsters Tri-Adventure (Japanese: ポケモントライアドベンチャー). This manga was released on June 28, 2010.
  • Be a Master! Pokémon B & W (Japanese: 究めろ!ポケモンB・W ), based on Pokémon Black and White.
  • Pocket Monsters BW (Japanese: ポケットモンスターBW) is created by Kosaku Anakubo.
  • Pocket Monsters Reburst (Japanese: ポケットモンスターRéBURST), currently serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday.

Movies manga adaptations[edit]

  • (Japanese: ミュウツーの逆襲 Mewtwo Strikes Back!)
  • (Japanese: 幻のポケモン ルギア爆誕 Mirage Pokémon Lugia's Explosive Birth)
  • (Japanese: 結晶塔の帝王 ENTEI Emperor of the Crystal Tower: Entei)
  • (Japanese: セレビィ時を超えた遭遇 Celebi: a Timeless Encounter)
  • (Japanese: 水の都の護神 ラティアスとラティオス Guardian Gods of the City of Water: Latias and Latios)
  • Jirachi: Wish Maker (Japanese: 七夜の願い星 ジラーチ Wishing Star of the Seven Nights: Jirachi)
  • Destiny Deoxys (Japanese: 裂空の訪問者 デオキシス Sky-Splitting Visitor: Deoxys)
  • Lucario and the Mystery of Mew (Japanese: ミュウと波導の勇者 ルカリオ Mew and the Wave-Guiding Hero: Lucario)
  • Pokémon Ranger and the Temple of the Sea (Japanese: ポケモンレンジャーと蒼海の王子 マナフィ Pokémon Ranger and the Prince of the Sea: Manaphy)
  • The Rise of Darkrai (Japanese: ディアルガVSパルキアVSダークライ Dialga VS Palkia VS Darkrai)
  • Giratina and the Sky Warrior (Japanese: ギラティナと氷空の花束 シェイミ Giratina and the Sky's Bouquet: Shaymin)
  • (Japanese: アルセウス超克の時空へ Arceus: To a Conquering Spacetime)
  • (Japanese: 幻影の覇者ゾロアーク Ruler of Illusions: Zoroark)

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""The Ultimate Game Freak: Interview with Satoshi Tajiri". Time. November 22, 1999. Archived from the original on March 14, 2005. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ", TimeAsia (Waybacked).
  2. ^ "Pikachu Meets the Press: A Pokemon Newspaper Strip Collection: Gerard Jones, Ashura Benimaru: 0782009081135: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. 2001-06-05. Retrieved 2014-06-16.