Jōsō Line

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Jōsō Line
Kanto-rail dc2300.jpg
Kanto Railway KiHa 2300 series DMU
Overview
Locale Ibaraki Prefecture
Termini Toride
Shimodate
Operation
Opening 1913
Owner Kanto Railway
Technical
Line length 51.1 km
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Minimum radius 290 m
Operating speed 80 km/h

The Jōsō Line (常総線 Jōsō-sen?) is a railway line operated by the Kanto Railway in Ibaraki Prefecture in Japan. It is a non-electrified line which connects Toride to Shimodate.[1]

The Jōsō Line connects with the Tsukuba Express line, which opened in 2005, at Moriya Station, the only interchange other than at its two termini.

In fiscal 1999, the Jōsō Line carried an annual total of 14.16 million passengers (38,000 per day), making it the busiest non-electrified private line in Japan.[1]

History[edit]

The Jōsō Railway Co. opened the line on 1 November 1913. In 1945 the company merged with the Tsukuba Railway Co. to form the Jōsō Tsukuba Railway Co., which merged with the Kanto Railway Co. in 1965.

Freight services ceased in 1974, and CTC signalling was commissioned between Shimodate and Mitsukaide in 1978/79.

Originally all single-track, 17.5 kilometres (11 mi) of the line was doubled between Toride and Mitsukaidō by 15 November 1984.[1]

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Otago station - The Kinegawa Gravel Co. opened a 6km freight-only line to Chikusei in 1923. The line was acquired by the Jōsō Railway Co. in 1927, and passengers services commenced the same year. In 1957 passenger services ceased, and the line closed in 1964.

Rolling stock[edit]

KiHa 350 DMU at Mitsukaidō, November 2007
  • KiHa 0 series (ex-JNR KiHa 20)
  • KiHa 100 series (driver-only-operation version of KiHa 300)
  • KiHa 300 series (ex-JNR KiHa 30)
  • KiHa 310 series (ex-JNR KiHa 16/17)
  • KiHa 350 series (ex-JNR KiHa 35/36)
  • KiHa 2100 series (introduced 1993)
  • KiHa 2200 series (introduced 1997)
  • KiHa 2300 series (introduced 2000)
  • KiHa 2400 series (introduced 2004)
  • KiHa 5000 series (introduced 2009)

Stations[edit]

Name Between stations (km) Distance (km) Track Local Rapid Connections Location
Toride 取手 - 0.0 Double Jōban Line Toride Ibaraki
Nishi-Toride 西取手 1.6 1.6  
Terahara 寺原 0.5 2.1
Shin-Toride 新取手 1.3 3.4
Yumemino ゆめみ野 0.8 4.2
Inatoi 稲戸井 1.2 5.4
Togashira 戸頭 0.9 6.3
Minami-Moriya 南守谷 1.1 7.4 Moriya
Moriya 守谷 2.2 9.6 Tsukuba Express
Shin-Moriya 新守谷 1.8 11.4  
Kokinu 小絹 1.6 13.0 Tsukubamirai
Mitsukaidō 水海道 4.5 17.5 Jōsō
Single
Kita-Mitsukaidō 北水海道 1.8 19.3
Nakatsuma 中妻 1.6 20.9
Mitsuma 三妻 3.0 23.9
Minami-Ishige 南石下 3.3 27.2
Ishige 石下 1.6 28.8
Tamamura 玉村 2.2 31.0
Sōdō 宗道 2.0 33.0 Shimotsuma
Shimotsuma 下妻 3.1 36.1
Daihō 大宝 2.6 38.7
Tobanoe 騰波ノ江 2.3 41.0
Kurogo 黒子 2.6 43.6 Chikusei
Ōtagō 大田郷 3.7 47.3
Shimodate 下館 3.8 51.1 Mito Line
Mooka Railway Mooka Line

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ a b c Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 (Databook: Japan's Private Railways). Japan: Neko Publishing. ISBN 4-87366-874-3.