Canton 10

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Canton 10
Hercegbosanska županija
Flag
Status Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Capital
and largest city
Livno
Official languages Croatian and Bosnian
Ethnic groups (1991) 54.54% Croats
31.95% Serbs
11.03% Bosniaks
2.31% others
Demonym Herzeg-Bosnian
Government Parliamentary system
 -  Prime Minister Branko Ivković
Legislature Assembly of the Herzeg-Bosnian County
Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 -  Establishment 12 June 1996 
Area
 -  Total 4,934.1 km2
1,905.1 sq mi
Population
 -  2013 census 90,727
 -  Density 18.39/km2
47.62/sq mi
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total BAM 420.009 million
 -  Per capita BAM 4629.37
Currency BAM
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Canton 10[1] (Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: Kanton 10/Кантон 10), also known as Herzeg-Bosnia Canton (Croatian: Hercegbosanska županija) is the tenth of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The local government seat is in Livno, while the assembly is in Tomislavgrad.[2]

Names, symbols and controversy[edit]

In Croatian the term županija (county) is used, while in Bosnian and Serbian the term is kanton. The canton is officially referred by the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina as Canton 10/County 10 (Kanton 10 or Županija 10).[3] The local government however refers to it as the Herzeg-Bosnia County (Hercegbosanska županija) and uses that name in the local constitution.[4][5] This name has been deemed unconstitutional by the Federation's Constitutional Court partly because it "does not cover any part of the traditional region of Herzegovina".[3] Other names used at the national level include North Herzegovina Canton/County (Sjevernohercegovački kanton, Sjevernohercegovačka županija) and Livno Canton (Livanjski kanton), after its capital.[6][7][8]

The flag and coat of arms of the canton were the same as the flag and coat of arms of the former Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia. West Herzegovina canton was another canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina which also used this flag and coat of arms. However, these symbols were deemed unconstitutional by the Federation Constitutional Court, because "it only represented one group".[3] Defying the court's ruling, the local government continues using these symbols, and the coat of arms is used at plates at the official institutions. Due to the name and symbols dispute, the local police up to this day have no official badges.

Geography[edit]

The total area of the County is approximately 4,934 square kilometres (1,910 sq mi), a tenth of the surface of Bosnia-Herzegovina and c. 19% of the Federation.[9] The region is located between Dalmatia to the west, Una-Sana Canton to the north, Central Bosnia Canton to the east and West Herzegovina Canton and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton to the south and southeast.

Topography[edit]

Further information: Dinaric Alps

Mountainous terrain of the region is a part of the Dinaric Alps, linked to a Late Jurassic to recent times fold and thrust belt, itself part of the Alpine orogeny, extending southeast from the southern Alps. The Dinarides form part of a chain of mountains that stretch across southern Europe and isolate Pannonian Basin from the Mediterranean Sea. The highest mountain of the Tropolje Dinarides is Mount Vran, located on the border of the municipalities of Tomislavgrad and Jablanica with the peak called Veliki Vran (Great Vran) at 2,074 metres (6,804 ft).

Highest mountains of Tropolje
Mountain Peak Elevation Coordinates
Vran Veliki Vran 2,074 m (6,804 ft) 43°40′4.8″N 17°30′18″E / 43.668000°N 17.50500°E / 43.668000; 17.50500
Vran Mali Vis 2,014 m (6,608 ft) 43°40′41.34″N 17°29′57.08″E / 43.6781500°N 17.4991889°E / 43.6781500; 17.4991889
Cincar Cincar 2,006 m (6,581 ft) 43°54′08″N 17°03′46″E / 43.90222°N 17.06278°E / 43.90222; 17.06278
Vran Crno Brdo 1,966 m (6,450 ft) 43°40′52.96″N 17°29′37.3″E / 43.6813778°N 17.493694°E / 43.6813778; 17.493694
Vran Mali Vran 1,961 m (6,434 ft) 43°39′8.8″N 17°17′27″E / 43.652444°N 17.29083°E / 43.652444; 17.29083
Vran Bijela Glava 1,949 m (6,394 ft) 43°39′34″N 17°29′56″E / 43.65944°N 17.49889°E / 43.65944; 17.49889
Vitorog Veliki Vitorog 1,907 m (6,257 ft) 44°7′12″N 17°2′45″E / 44.12000°N 17.04583°E / 44.12000; 17.04583
Golija Veliki Vrh 1,886 m (6,188 ft) 43°59′12″N 16°47′21″E / 43.98667°N 16.78917°E / 43.98667; 16.78917
Vran Priorac 1,881 m (6,171 ft) 43°39′37″N 17°28′27″E / 43.66028°N 17.47417°E / 43.66028; 17.47417
Šator Veliki Šator 1,872 m (6,142 ft) 44°9′26″N 13°35′23″E / 44.15722°N 13.58972°E / 44.15722; 13.58972

Political subdivisions[edit]

Municipalities of the County

Canton 10 includes 6 municipalities: Drvar, Bosansko Grahovo, Glamoč, Kupres, Livno and Tomislavgrad.

Coat of arms Municipality Population [10] Area (km2)[10]
No coats of arms.svg Bosansko Grahovo 3,091 780.0
No coats of arms.svg Drvar 7,506 1030.0
Coat of arms of Glamoč.png Glamoč 4,038 1033.6
Coat of arms of Kupres.jpg Kupres 5,573 569.8
Livno Wappen.svg Livno 37,487 994.0
Tomislavgrad-Grb.gif Tomislavgrad 33,032 967.4

Governance[edit]

The canton is governed by the Government of Canton 10 (Croatian: Vlada Hercegbosanske županije, Bosnian and Serbian: Влада Кантона 10/Vlada Kantona 10). The current government is a coalition of 2 parties led by Croatian Democratic Union. President of the government is Branko Ivković.[11]

Cantonal Assembly[edit]

Cantonal Assembly in Tomislavgrad

The Cantonal Assembly (Croatian: Županijska skupština Serbian: Кантонална скупштина) is the parliament of the canton 10. It consists of 25 representatives elected by proportional representation for four-year terms of office.

    Political party Assembly members
2002 2006 2010 2014 currently
  Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) 13 5 9 9
9 / 25
  Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD) 3 5 3 3
3 / 25
  Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ 1990) - 6 4 4
2 / 25
  Croatian Independent List (HNL) - - - 2
2 / 25
  People's Party For Work And Betterment (NSRzB) 2 1 3 2
2 / 25
  Party of Democratic Action (SDA) 2 2 2 2
2 / 25
  Croatian Party of Rights (HSP) 1 4 3 1
1 / 25
  HSS of Stjepan Radić - - - 1
1 / 25
  Social Democratic Party (SDP BiH) 1 1 1 1
1 / 25
  independent - - - -
2 / 25
Sources:[12][13][14]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1991 census, 115,726 people inhabited the County. The absolute majority were Croats (54.5%), with Serbs making 32% of the total population. Bosnian Muslims also had significant population making 11% of the total population.

The exact demographic composition is not known because there has been no official census result since 1991 and there was significant population migration during the war.

Municipality Nationality Total
Croats Serbs Muslims Other
Livno 29,324 (72.22%) 3,913 (9.63%) 5,793 (14.26%) 1,570 (3.86%) 40 600 (100%)
Tomislavgrad 25,976 (86.56%) 576 (1.91%) 3,148 (10.49%) 109 (1.02%) 30 009 (100%)
Glamoč 184 (1.46%) 9,951 (79.02%) 2,257 (17.92%) 211 (1.58%) 12 593 (100%)
Kupres 3,813 (39.64%) 4,864 (50.57%) 802 (8.33%) 139 (1.43%) 9618 (100%)
Bosansko Grahovo 226 (2.71%) 7,888 (94.91%) 12 (0.14%) 185 (2.22%) 8311 (100%)
Drvar 24 (0.29%) 7,693 (95.52%) 29 (0.36%) 307 (3.80%) 8053 (100%)
County
59,547 (54.54%) 34,885 (31.95%) 12,041 (11.03%) 2,519 (2.31%) 109,184 (100%)
1991 census

Economy[edit]

Due to economic reasons (insufficient County revenues compared to expenses) unification with West Herzegovina County has been proposed.[15][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ustav Hercegbosanske županije" (in Croatian). Government of the Herzeg-Bosnia Canton. 23 December 1996. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.skupstinahbz.com/ustav.html
  3. ^ a b c U-11/97 at the Wayback Machine (archived April 19, 2008)
  4. ^ // TZ HBZ ** Turistička zajednica Hercegbosanske županije //
  5. ^ Vlada Hercegbosanske županije
  6. ^ Utopio se pijan plivajući u Buškom jezeru - Sarajevo-x.com
  7. ^ mediainfo.ba - Livanjski kanton: Do 2010. godine biće izgrađene prve vjetrenjače
  8. ^ 24sata.info - Livanjski kanton: Ministar zdravlja Darko Horvat lomio po kafani!
  9. ^ http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/OSNOVNE%2520INFO%252010b.htm
  10. ^ a b (Bosnian)(Croatian) "PRELIMINARY RESULTS Of the 2013 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina". http://www.bhas.ba/. Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Government of Herzeg-Bosnia County". vladahbz.com (in Croatian). Government of Canton 10. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Verified results of the 2010 general elections: The Cantonal Assemblies in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Canton 10". izbori.ba. Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "210-Skupština kantona 10 (210-Assembly of Canton 10)". izbori.ba (in Bosnian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "Opći izbori-konačni rezultati (General elections-final results)". izbori.ba (in Croatian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  15. ^ http://otvoreno.ba/vijesti/bosna-i-hercegovina/24166-ujedinjenje-upanija-poetak-spasa-hrvata-u-bih.html
  16. ^ Monitor - portal za svaki dan - Offline

External links[edit]