|Died||March 23, 2010|
|Known for||Leader of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)|
Kanu Sanyal, (1932 – March 23, 2010), was an Indian communist politician. In 1967, he was one of the main leaders of the Naxalbari uprising. He was one of the founding leaders of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI(ML)) formed in 1969.  He committed suicide on 23 March 2010.
Formation and growth of CPI (ML)
Kanu Sanyal was a local criminal who joined Communist politics, first as a member of CPI(M) and later went on to become a leader of the CPI(ML). He is credited to have created the slogan 'Aamar baari tomar bari, Naxalbari, Naxalbari'.
He announced the formation of the original CPI (ML) on Vladimir Lenin's birthday in 1969 at a public rally in Calcutta. He came out with the seminal Terai report on revolution in India, which openly denounced the anarco-nihilist policies of Charu Majumdar and his loyalists.
During this period, the communist-sympathetic media in West Bengal portrayed him as a "great revolutionary", for his genuine 'wealth renunciation and private property'. Sanyal proposed building up of mass people's organisation which would be organising a communistic-socialist revolution on the path shown by Mao Zedong and Chou En Lai in China. Sanyal actively solicited help from the communist regime in neighboring China to further his goals. Sanyal had publicly declared on several occasions that he was receiving some kind of support from the Chinese government. It was never established as to whether that support was moral, tactical or financial. The Indian home ministry has argued that Sanyal only managed to obtain ideological support from China.
After the failure of the Naxalite uprising, Sanyal went into hiding. The death of his colleague Charu Majumdar was followed by the breakup of the Naxalite movement, and Sanyal claimed to have abandoned violent means and accepted parliamentary practice as a form of revolutionary activity .
He was eventually cornered and arrested in August 1970. News of his arrest sparked of region-wide violence by the radical communists. CPI(ML) cadres destroyed property, raided and attacked educational institutions, and engaged in rioting.
For seven years Sanyal was imprisoned in a jail in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh in the case known as the Parvatipuram Naxalite Conspiracy case.He was convicted in the Parvatipuram Conspiracy Case, by the Sessions Judge.
Sanyal was released from jail in 1977, following the shift of government in India as well as in West Bengal. Jyoti Basu, the new CPI(M) chief minister, personally intervened to ensure Sanyal's release. By the time of his release, Sanyal had publicly condemned the original strategy of armed struggle of the CPI(ML), without building prior and proper popular mass base amongst the common people.
Formation of COI (ML)
In 1985 Sanyal's faction along with five other groups, merged to form the Communist Organisation of India (Marxist-Leninist). Sanyal became the leader of COI(ML).
On January 18, 2006, Sanyal was arrested along with other fellow agitators who were also protesting against closures of tea gardens in the region for disrupting a Delhi-bound Rajdhani Express train at the New Jalpaiguri Railway Station in Siliguri, North Bengal, .
On 23 Mar 2010, he was found hanging at his residence at Seftullajote village, 25 km Siliguri (West Bengal) from where Naxal Movement began under his leadership. 81-year-old Sanyal was suffering from old-age related cardio pulmonary ailments. At the time of his death he was the general secretary of a new CPI(ML), formed by merger of several splinter groups of the original party.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kanu Sanyal.|
- Naxalbari Movement Founder Kills Self, The Telegraph (India)
- "Top Naxal leader Kanu Sanyal commits suicide". Rediff news. March 23, 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- Naxalites on Hard Times
- Bengal Left Front Govt Steps Into 28th Year
- The road from Naxalbari
- naxalism today
- Maoist Revolutionary parties and organizations in India
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- The Hindu : Front Page : Kanu Sanyal arrested for ``rail roko''
- Saugata Roy, TNN Mar 23, 2010, 04.20pm IST (March 23, 2010). "Top Naxal leader Kanu Sanyal found dead in his house". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-08-14.