District location in Uganda
|• Total||1,274 km2 (492 sq mi)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||197.9/km2 (513/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Kanungu District is bordered by Rukungiri District to the north and east, Kabale District to the southeast, Kisoro District to the southwest and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. The district headquarters at Kanungu are located approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi), by road, northwest of Kabale, the largest town in the sub-region. This location lies approximately 420 kilometres (260 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The coordinates of the district are:00 57S, 29 47E.
Kanungu District was created by the Sixth Parliament of the Republic of Uganda in July 2001. The district comprises one county with nine sub-counties and one Town Council. It is known for the mass murder/suicide committed by the town's Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God cult in 2000. The district has a distributed feeder road network and community access roads. There are two small airstrips at Kayonza Tea Factory and in the Ishasha Sector of Queen Elizabeth National Park. The charitable organisation, CHIFCOD, operates schools, colleges and health centres in the district.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 160,700. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 204,700. The annual population growth rate for the district was calculated at 2.1%. It is estimated that the population of Kanungu District in 2012 was approximately 252,100. The table below illustrates the population growth in the district between 2002 and 2012. All figures are estimates. The next national population census in Uganda is planned for August 2014.
|Kanungu District Population Trends|
As of September 2002[update], the residents of Kanungu district, self-reported their religious affiliations as follows: (a) Christianity: 95.3%, (b) Islam: 2.7%, (c) Other: 1.7% and (d) None: 0.3%.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of the district, as is the case with the majority of other Ugandan districts. The fertile soils and good climate allow for adequate produce for home consumption and surpluses that are sold. However, due to the remoteness of the district and the mountainous terrain, bringing the produce to market remains a challenge and a constraint to increased production.
Many people in the district keep livestock on a subsistence level, primarily for milk production. Milk is part of the local diet and is a requirement for almost every household. But few people keep cattle in large numbers since the people here are traditionally agriculturalists.
Crops grown in the district include: