Kanyaza Gyi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kanyaza Gyi
ကံရာဇာကြီး
King of Danyawaddy
Reign 825–788 BCE
Predecessor Founder
Successor Thila Raza
Consort Thubadda Dewi (သုဘဒ္ဒါဒေဝီ)
Father Abhiyaza
Born 861
Tagaung
Died 788 BCE (aged 73)
Danyawaddy

Kanyaza Gyi (Burmese: ကံရာဇာကြီး, pronounced: [kàɴjàzà dʑí]; also spelled Kanraza Gri) was the legendary founder of the Second Danyawaddy Dynasty of Arakan. According to Hmanan Yazawin (the Glass Palace Chronicle), Kanyaza Gyi was the eldest son of King Abhiyaza of Tagaung, a prince of the Sakya clan of the Buddha who came from the ancient kingdom of Kosala (present-day northern India). After his father died in 825 CE, Kanyaza Gyi lost out the throne to his younger brother Kanyaza Nge. He left Tagaung with his followers. He eventually settled at the abandoned capital of Danyawaddy in present-day Rakhine State, and founded the Second Danyawaddy Dynasty.[1]

The story of Abhiyaza, Kanyaza Gyi and Kanyaza Nge appeared for the first time in an official Burmese royal chronicle only in 1832, part of the efforts by the early Konbaung kings to promote a more orthodox version of Theravada Buddhism. The Abhiyaza story linked the Burmese monarchy to the Buddha and superseded then prevailing pre-Buddhist origin story involving one Pyusawhti, son of a solar spirit and a dragon princess.[2][3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 153–155
  2. ^ Lieberman 2003: 196
  3. ^ Than Tun 1964: ix–x

References[edit]

  • Charney, Michael W. (2002). 'Centralizing Historical Tradition in Precolonial Burma: The Abhiraja/Dhajaraja Myth in Early Kon-bauung Historical Texts.' South East Asia Research, 10 (2). pp. 185-215. 
  • Lieberman, Victor B. (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80496-7. 
  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1829–1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese) 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 
  • Than Tun (1964). Studies in Burmese History (in Burmese) 1. Yangon: Maha Dagon. 
Kanyaza Gyi
Born: 861 Died: 788 BCE
Regnal titles
Preceded by
?
King of Danyawaddy
825 – 788 BCE
Succeeded by
Thila Raza