Kanyaza Nge

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Kanyaza Nge
ကံရာဇာငယ်
King of Tagaung
Reign 825–? BCE
Predecessor Abhiyaza
Successor Zambudipa Yaza
Father Abhiyaza
Born Tagaung
Died Tagaung

Kanyaza Nge (Burmese: ကံရာဇာငယ်, pronounced: [kàɴjàzà ŋɛ̀]) was a legendary king of Tagaung, who reportedly reigned in the 9th century BCE.

According to Hmannan Yazawin (the Glass Palace Chronicle), Kanyaza Nge was the younger son of King Abhiyaza of Tagaung, a prince of the Sakya clan of the Buddha who came from the ancient kingdom of Kosala (present-day northern India). After his father died in 825 CE, Kanyaza Nge won the throne over his elder brother Kanyaza Gyi, who subsequently left Tagaung with his followers. The elder brother eventually settled at the abandoned capital of Danyawaddy in present-day Rakhine State, and founded the Second Danyawaddy Dynasty. Meanwhile Kanyaza Nge ruled Tagaung, and was followed by a dynasty of 31 kings to the 5th century BCE.[1][2]

The legend of Abhiyaza, Kanyaza Gyi and Kanyaza Nge first appeared in an official Burmese royal chronicle only in 1832. The story was part of the efforts by the early Konbaung kings to link the Burmese monarchy to the Buddha, superseding then prevailing pre-Buddhist origin story of the monarchy.[3][4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 153–155
  2. ^ Phayre 1883: 275
  3. ^ Lieberman 2003: 196
  4. ^ Than Tun 1964: ix–x

References[edit]

  • Charney, Michael W. (2006). Powerful Learning: Buddhist Literati and the Throne in Burma's Last Dynasty, 1752-1885. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. 
  • Charney, Michael W. (2002). 'Centralizing Historical Tradition in Precolonial Burma: The Abhiraja/Dhajaraja Myth in Early Kon-bauung Historical Texts.' South East Asia Research, 10 (2). pp. 185-215. 
  • Lieberman, Victor B. (2003). Strange Parallels: Southeast Asia in Global Context, c. 800–1830, volume 1, Integration on the Mainland. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-80496-7. 
  • Phayre, Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. (1883). History of Burma (1967 ed.). London: Susil Gupta. 
  • Royal Historical Commission of Burma (1829–1832). Hmannan Yazawin (in Burmese) 1–3 (2003 ed.). Yangon: Ministry of Information, Myanmar. 
  • Than Tun (1964). Studies in Burmese History (in Burmese) 1. Yangon: Maha Dagon. 
Kanyaza Nge
Born:  ? Died:  ? BCE
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abhiyaza
King of Tagaung
825 – ? BCE
Succeeded by
Zambudipa Yaza