Kanzan Egen

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Kanzan Egen (関山慧玄/關山慧玄)
School Rinzai Zen, Myōshin-ji Branch
Other names Muso Daishi (無相大師)
Born January 7th, 1277
Shinano Province, Japan
Died 1360
Kyoto, Japan
Senior posting
Successor Juo Sohitsu (授翁宗弼)
Religious career
Teacher Nanpo Jōmyō and Shūhō Myōchō

Kanzan Egen (関山慧玄/關山慧玄?) (1277–1360) was a Japanese Rinzai Zen Buddhist monk, founder of Myōshin-ji Temple and a principal member of the extant Ōtōkan lineage,[1] from which all modern Rinzai Zen derives. Centuries later, Emperor Meiji conferred the posthumous name Muso Daishi (無相大師?) to Kanzan.


Kanzan Egen was born in Shinano Province on January 7, 1277. He initially studied Rinzai Zen Buddhism under Nanpo Jōmyō, who received dharma-transmission from China and later under Nanpo Jōmyō's student, Shūhō Myōchō.[2] After Shūhō Myōchō confirmed Kanzan Egen's enlightenment, Kanzan went to Mino Province and dwelt in the Ibuki Mountains for intensive training.

During this time, Emperor Hanazono recalled Kanzan to the capitol to help found a new temple which became Myōshin-ji Temple.


  1. ^ "禅の歴史(達磨・百丈・白隠等)". 臨黄ネット (in Japanese). Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "【Muso Daishi Kanzan Egen】無相大師 関山慧玄". Myoshin-ji Homepage. Retrieved 14 May 2013.