Kaohsiung International Airport
|Kaohsiung International Airport
(Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport)
Gāoxióng Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
Gāoxióng Xiǎogǎng Jīchǎng
|IATA: KHH – ICAO: RCKH
|Operator||Civil Aeronautics Administration|
|Elevation AMSL||9 m / 30 ft|
|Number of passengers||4,645,920|
|Total cargo (metric tonnes)||55,112.0|
|Source: Kaohsiung International Airport|
Kaohsiung International Airport (traditional Chinese: officially, 高雄國際航空站; commonly, 高雄國際機場; simplified Chinese: 高雄國際航空站／高雄國際機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng guójì hángkōngzhàn/Gāoxióng guójì jīchǎng) (IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (Chinese: 高雄小港機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International Airport is the third largest airport in Taiwan in terms of passenger movement and accounts for around 15% of international passenger movements in Taiwan.
Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Navy Air Squadron base in 1938 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, the airport was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.
During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare in the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations. Since early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, now as Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, were inaugurated, and this brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience; they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights. In the meantime, direct flights to Southeast Asia cities were also gradually opened. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. New terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997 to handle the additional flights.
In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlines also served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load factor caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.
After the Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the THSR Taoyuan Station). Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights. Carriers now pin their hopes on the increasing flights to Japan, Mainland China and South Korea.
Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international. They are connected by a corridor way.
The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the airport was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone numerous small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges were never added. For the most part, this is acceptable since the domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require the use of jet bridges. The current domestic-terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.
The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Connecting passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestions in Taoyuan and saving much time between flights. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic terminal.
Airlines and destinations
International charter flights
Several airlines such as China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahigawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.
|China Airlines Cargo||Hong Kong, Manila, Taipei-Taoyuan|
|Operations and Statistics|
|1||Hong Kong||International||1,401,445||China Airlines, Dragonair|
|2||Makung||Domestic||750,490||Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air|
|3||Kinmen||Domestic||419,806||Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air|
|4||Macau||International||290,119||Air Macau, EVA Air, TransAsia Airways|
|5||Tokyo-Narita||International||190,060||China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines|
|6||Ho Chi Minh City||International||146,495||Uni Air, Vietnam Airlines|
|7||Shanghai-Pudong||Cross-strait||141,037||China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines|
|10||Seoul-Incheon||International||81,061||EVA Air, Mandarin Airlines|
Accidents and incidents
- On 15 February 1969, a Douglas C-47B B-241 of Far Eastern Air Transport was damaged beyond economic repair in an accident at Kaohsiung International Airport.
- On 27 June 1989, a Cessna 404 Titan of Formosa Airlines on its way to Wang-an, Penghu crashed into nearby Cianjhen District streets shortly after takeoff. All 12 people on board were killed; there were no ground casualties.
- On 23 July 2014, TransAsia Airways Flight 222 took off from Kaohsiung International Airport bound for Magong Airport. The ATR 72-500 crashed into buildings during a second attempt to land in bad weather. Of the 58 people on board, only 10 survived. 5 people on the ground were injured and the crash caused a fire involving two homes.
- Subway/Train: Kaohsiung MRT red line's Kaohsiung International Airport Station serves this airport, with outlets in the international and domestic terminals. Passengers can use the Kaohsiung MRT Red Line to access Taiwan Railway Administration's Kaohsiung Station and Taiwan High Speed Rail's Zuoying Station.
- Bus: Several city bus lines serve the airport. Long-distance buses to Fangliao and Kenting National Park are also available.
- Taxi: Available in both terminals.
- "Operational Statistics". Kaohsiung International Airport. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- "Republic of China Immigration Bureau Statistics".
- China Airlines Adds Kaohsiung – Okinawa April – June 2014 Charter Service. Airline Route (24 March 2014).
- China Airlines Adds Kaohsiung – Wenzhou Charter in October 2013. Airline Route (16 September 2013).
- China Eastern Adds New Routes to Kaohsiung in S14. Airline Route (10 April 2014).
- themecool.com: The Leading Theme Cool Site on the Net. Evaair.themecool.com.
- Uni Air begin service to Shenyang
- Yoshikawa, Tadayuki (7 August 2014). "バニラエア、11月から香港、15年2月に高雄就航へ". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Kaohsiung International Airport, Statistics
- "Taiwan CAA Annual Statistics Report". Dec 2013. Archived from the original on July 23, 2014.
- "B-241 Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Formosa Airlines. Baaa-acro.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kaohsiung International Airport.|
- Kaohsiung International Airport Official website
- Guide to Kaohsiung Airport
- Airport information for RCKH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.