Kaohsiung International Airport

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Kaohsiung International Airport
(Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport)

高雄國際航空站
高雄小港機場

Gāoxióng Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
Gāoxióng Xiǎogǎng Jīchǎng
高雄國際機場.JPG
IATA: KHHICAO: RCKH
KHH is located in Taiwan
KHH
KHH
Location of airport in Taiwan
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aeronautics Administration
Serves Kaohsiung
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 9 m / 30 ft
Coordinates 22°34′37″N 120°21′00″E / 22.57694°N 120.35000°E / 22.57694; 120.35000
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 3,150 10,335 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Number of passengers 4,645,920
Total cargo (metric tonnes) 55,112.0
Source: Kaohsiung International Airport[1]
Kaohsiung International Airport terminal building
Kaohsiung International Airport control tower
Kaohsiung International Airport runway

Kaohsiung International Airport (traditional Chinese: officially, 高雄國際航空站; commonly, 高雄國際機場; simplified Chinese: 高雄國際航空站/高雄國際機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng guójì hángkōngzhàn/Gāoxióng guójì jīchǎng) (IATA: KHHICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (Chinese: 高雄小港機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International Airport is the third largest airport in Taiwan in terms of passenger movement and accounts for around 15% of international passenger movements in Taiwan.[2]

History[edit]

Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Navy Air Squadron base in 1938 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, the airport was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.[3]

During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare in the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations. Since early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport, now as Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, were inaugurated, and this brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience; they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights. In the meantime, direct flights to Southeast Asia cities were also gradually opened. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. New terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997 to handle the additional flights.

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlines also served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load factor caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.

After the Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the THSR Taoyuan Station). Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights. Carriers now pin their hopes on the increasing flights to Japan, Mainland China and South Korea.

Terminals[edit]

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international. They are connected by corridor way.

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the airport was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone numerous small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges were never added. For the most part, this is acceptable since the domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require the use of jet bridges. The current domestic-terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.

The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Connecting passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestions in Taoyuan and saving much time between flights. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic terminal.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Busan Busan International
Air Macau Macau International
China Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Manila, Osaka-Kansai, Sapporo, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Denpasar/Bali
Seasonal charter: Okinawa,[4] Wenzhou[5]
International
China Eastern Airlines Nanchang,[6] Ningbo,[6] Nanjing, Wuhan International
China Southern Airlines Changchun, Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Regular charter: Shantou
International
Daily Air Cimei, Wang-an Domestic
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EVA Air Guangzhou, Jinan, Macau, Ningbo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zhengzhou International[7]
Far Eastern Air Transport Chengdu, Guilin, Haikou, Nanchang, Nanning, Taiyuan, Yichang
Charter : Jeju, Siem Reap, Busan
International
Far Eastern Air Transport Kinmen, Magong Domestic
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita International
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong International
Mandarin Airlines Changsha, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Seoul-Incheon, Xiamen
Charter : Kumamoto
International
Mandarin Airlines Hualien Domestic
Peach Osaka-Kansai[8] International
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Pudong International
TransAsia Airways Changsha, Fuzhou, Hefei, Lanzhou, Hefei, Macau, Nanning, Xiamen, Xuzhou International
TransAsia Airways Kinmen, Magong Domestic
Uni Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Kunming, Qingdao International
Uni Air Kinmen, Magong
Military Charter: Dongsha Island
Domestic
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City International
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen International

International charter flights[edit]

Both China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahigawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
China Airlines Cargo Hong Kong, Manila, Taipei-Taoyuan

Operations[edit]

Operations and Statistics[9]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tons)
Aircraft
movement
2004 7,586,640 87,758.2 86,167
2005 7,374,217 81,453.4 81,718
2006 7,130,321 76,997.0 78,603
2007 5,717,242 70,241.3 67,149
2008 4,160,515 62,139.4 47,793
2009 3,661,023 54,382.0 40,335
2010 4,053,069 64,850.8 41,300
2011 4,050,413 55,364.4 42,596
2012 4,464,926 54,104.5 45,302
2013 4,645,920 55,112.0 46,721
Busiest routes from Kaohsiung (2013)[10]
Rank Airport Category Passengers 2013 Carriers
1 Hong Kong International 1,401,445 China Airlines, Dragonair
2 Makung Domestic 750,490 Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
3 Kinmen Domestic 419,806 Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
4 Macau International 290,119 Air Macau, EVA Air, TransAsia Airways
5 Tokyo-Narita International 190,060 China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines
6 Ho Chi Minh City International 146,495 Uni Air, Vietnam Airlines
7 Shanghai-Pudong Cross-strait 141,037 China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines
8 Taipei-Taoyuan Domestic-International 133,697 China Airlines
9 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International 91,122 China Airlines
10 Seoul-Incheon International 81,061 EVA Air, Mandarin Airlines

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]

  • Bus: Several city bus lines serve the airport. Long-distance bus to Kenting National Park, Sinying and Chiayi are also available. Bus stops are under the corridor between the domestic and international terminals.
  • Taxi: Available in both terminals.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]