District location in Uganda
|• Land||354.6 km2 (136.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,800 m (5,900 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||321.8/km2 (833/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Kapchorwa District is a district in Eastern Uganda. It is named after Kapchorwa, the main municipal, administrative and commercial center of the district, where the district headquarters are located. It is also the home district of Stephen Kiprotich, men's marathon gold medalist at the 2012 Olympic Games in London.
The district is bordered by Kween District to the northeast and east, Sironko District to the south, and Bulambuli District to the west and northeast. The district headquarters at Kapchorwa, (which means "home of friends"), are located approximately 65 kilometres (40 mi), by road, northeast of Mbale, the nearest large city. The coordinates of the district are:01 24N, 34 27E.
Under the colonial administration, Kapchorwa District was Sebei County, located in North Bugisu in the now defunct Bukedi District. Kapchorwa was granted district status on 1 February 1962, shortly before Uganda became an independent country.
Kapchorwa District is home mostly to Kalenjin peoples, including the sub-groups: Sabiny, Pokot and Nandi. They were mainly cattle keepers in the late 1960s but a change was seen when their northern neighbors, the Karamojong, raided most of their cattle, and displaced hundreds of people. The populations most affected lived along the Kapchorwa plains; particularly in Ngenge Sub-County of Kapchorwa District and in Bukwo District. This displacement of the population, has resulted in abject poverty among the affected households. People have been forced to live in Internally Displaced People (IDP) camps, with very limited resources.
In 2005, Kongasis County was split off of the district to form Bukwo District. In 2010, more territory was peeled off to form Kween District. Together, Kapchorwa District, Bukwo District and Kween District form Sebei sub-region, home to an estimated 200,000 people in 2002, according to the national census conducted that year.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 48,700. The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 74,300, with an annual population growth rate of 4.5%. In 2012, it is estimated that the population of Kapchorwa in 2012 had grown to about 114,100.
The table below illustrates the trajectory of population growth during the first decade of the 21st century. All figures are estimates.
|Kapchorwa District Population Trends|
Subsistence agriculture is the main economic activity in Kapchorwa District. Crops grown include the following: