|The Four Main Sites|
|Lumbini · Bodh Gaya
Sarnath · Kushinagar
|Four Additional Sites|
|Sravasti · Rajgir
Sankissa · Vaishali
|Pataliputra · Gaya · Kosambi
Kapilavastu · Devadaha
Kesariya · Pava
Nalanda · Varanasi
|Sanchi · Mathura
Ellora · Ajanta · Vikramshila
Ratnagiri · Udayagiri · Lalitgiri
Bharhut · Barabar Caves
Kapilavastu (Pāli: Kapilavatthu) is one of the district of Lumbini, Nepal and a name of a place in the ancient Shakya kingdom where Gautama Buddha grew up, and which contained his family home and garden. It is assumed to be some 10 kilometers to the west of his known birthplace Kapilvastu. The latter reference point is marked by an Ashoka Pillar and was granted World Heritage status by UNESCO.
The nineteenth-century search for the historical site of Kapilavastu followed the accounts left by Xuanzang and Faxian. Although no conclusive evidence has been found but Archaeologists from Nepal have identified the Tilaurakot archeological site in Nepal as a possible location for Kapilavastu. However, Sealings bearing the legend Kapilavastu have been found from Piprahwa–a village in district Siddharthnagar of Uttar Pradesh in India. An Indian Archaeological team lead by renowned archaeologist K.M. Srivastava carried out excavations at Piprahwa from 1971 to 1975 wherein 2 relic caskets and dishes were discovered from the site of Kapilavstu in 1972. In 1973 seals and sealings bearing the legend "Om Devaputra Vihare, Kapilavastu, Bhikku Sanghasa" were found which have established beyond doubt that Piprahwa, in India is the actual Kapilavastu. The caskets and the charred bone relics have been kept in National Museum, New Delhi. Extensive report of the excavations have been published by Archaeological Survey of India. It is widely accepted that the Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life in the vicinity of Kapilavastu. Buddhist sources present Kapila as a well-known philosopher whose students built the city of Kapilavastu
- Kapilvastu district, a district of Lumbini Zone, Nepal.
- Kapilvastu, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha and Buddhism
- Nigrodharama, a Buddhist monastery where Buddha stayed when visiting Kapilavastu
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kapilavastu.|
- Description of Kapilavastu by the Chinese pilgrim monk Faxian (399-414 AC)
- Suttas spoken by Gautama Buddha concerning Kapilavatthu: (more)
- Cula-dukkhakkhandha Sutta - The Lesser Mass of Stress
- Sakka Sutta - To the Sakyans (on the Uposatha)''