Kapilavastu

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Kapilvastu Nagarpalika
कपिलवस्तु
Taulīhawā तौलीहवा
municipality
Entrance gate to Kapilavastu city (formerly Taulihawa), Kapilvastu District, Nepal
Entrance gate to Kapilavastu city (formerly Taulihawa), Kapilvastu District, Nepal
Kapilvastu Nagarpalika is located in Nepal
Kapilvastu Nagarpalika
Kapilvastu Nagarpalika
Location in Nepal
Coordinates: 27°32′N 83°3′E / 27.533°N 83.050°E / 27.533; 83.050Coordinates: 27°32′N 83°3′E / 27.533°N 83.050°E / 27.533; 83.050
Country    Nepal
Zone Lumbini Zone
District Kapilvastu District
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2001)census
 • Total 27,170
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal code 32800
Area code(s) 076

Kapilavastu (Nepali: कपिलवस्तु, Pāli: Kapilavatthu), formerly Taulihawa, is a municipality and administrative center of Kapilvastu District in the Lumbini Zone of southern Nepal. It is located roughly 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the northwest of Lumbini, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is widely believed to be the birthplace of Gautama Buddha.[1][2]

The municipality lies at an altitude of 107 metres (351 ft) above sea level[3] on Nepal's southern border across from Khunwa, Uttar Pradesh state, India. There is a customs checkpoint for goods while movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals across the border is unrestricted.

In ancient times Kapilavastu was the capital city of the Shakya kingdom. King Śuddhodana and Queen Māyādevī are believed to have lived at Kapilavastu, as did their son Prince Siddartha Gautama until he left the palace at the age of 29.[4]

Kapilavastu had a population of 27,170 at the time of the 2001 Nepal census.

History[edit]

The east gate of King Śuddhodana's palace at Tilaurakot archaeological site in Kapilavastu municipality, Kapilvastu District, Nepal. Prince Siddartha Gautama left the palace through this gate at 29 years of age on his horse, Kanthak.

Buddhist sources present Kapila as a well-known Vedic sage whose students built the city of Kapilavastu[5][6] Buddhist texts such as the Pāli Canon claim that Kapilavastu was the childhood home of Gautama Buddha, on account of it being the capital of the Shakyas, over whom his father ruled.[4]

The 19th-century search for the historical site of Kapilavastu followed the accounts left by Faxian and later by Xuanzang, who were Chinese Buddhist monks who made early pilgrimages to the site.[7][8][9][10] Some archaeologists have identified the Tilaurakot archeological site as the location for the historical site of Kapilavastu, while others claim it was at Piprahwa in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[11]

Historical sites[edit]

Tauleshwor Nath Temple

There are many sites of historical interest in or very close to Kapilavastu, including:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/180
  2. ^ "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Taulihawa, Nepal Page - Falling Rain Genomics
  4. ^ a b Trainor, K (2010). "Kapilavastu". In Keown, D; Prebish, CS. Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Milton Park, UK: Routledge. pp. 436–7. ISBN 978-0-415-55624-8. 
  5. ^ "Kapilavastu". Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Chris Hellier (March 2001). "Competing Claims on Buddha's Hometown". Archaeology. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  7. ^ Beal, Samuel (1884). Si-Yu-Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World, by Hiuen Tsiang. 2 vols. Translated by Samuel Beal. London. 1884. Reprint: Delhi. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. 1969. Volume 1
  8. ^ Beal, Samuel (1911). The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang. Translated from the Chinese of Shaman (monk) Hwui Li by Samuel Beal. London. 1911. Reprint Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. 1973. Internet Archive
  9. ^ Li, Rongxi (translator) (1995). The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. ISBN 1-886439-02-8
  10. ^ Watters, Thomas (1904). On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A.D. Volume1. Royal Asiatic Society, London. 
  11. ^ Srivastava, KM (1980). "Archaeological Excavations at Piprāhwā and Ganwaria and the Identification of Kapilavastu". The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 13 (1): 103–10. 
  12. ^ "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Retrieved 14 December 2008. 

External links[edit]

  1. Cula-dukkhakkhandha Sutta - The Lesser Mass of Stress
  2. Sakka Sutta - To the Sakyans (on the Uposatha)''