Kapilavastu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
the remains of a stupa at Nigrodhārāma, close to Kapilavastu. The Lord Buddha is believed to have lived here briefly when he visited Kapilavastu in the first year after his Enlightenment.

Kapilavastu (Pāli: Kapilavatthu) is a municipality within Kapilvastu District, Lumbini Zone, Nepal. It is the administrative center of Kapilvastu District.

Located roughly 25 kilometers to the northwest of Lumbini (a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is widely believed to be the birthplace of Gautama Buddha),[1][2] Kapilvastu was the capital city of the ancient Shakya kingdom where Gautama Buddha is believed to have lived for the first 29 years of his life.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Buddhist sources present Kapila as a well-known Vedic sage whose students built the city of Kapilavastu[3][4] The 19th-century search for the historical site of Kapilavastu followed the accounts left by Faxian and later by Xuanzang, who were Chinese Buddhist monks who made early pilgrimages to the site.[5][6][7][8] Archaeologists from Nepal have identified the Tilaurakot archeological site as a possible location for the historical site of Kapilavastu.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

  • Nigrodharama, a Buddhist monastery where Buddha stayed when visiting Kapilavastu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/180
  2. ^ "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Kapilavastu". Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Chris Hellier (March 2001). "Competing Claims on Buddha's Hometown". Archaeology. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Beal, Samuel (1884). Si-Yu-Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World, by Hiuen Tsiang. 2 vols. Translated by Samuel Beal. London. 1884. Reprint: Delhi. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. 1969. Volume 1
  6. ^ Beal, Samuel (1911). The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang. Translated from the Chinese of Shaman (monk) Hwui Li by Samuel Beal. London. 1911. Reprint Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. 1973. Internet Archive
  7. ^ Li, Rongxi (translator) (1995). The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. ISBN 1-886439-02-8
  8. ^ Watters, Thomas (1904). On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A.D. Volume1. Royal Asiatic Society, London. 

External links[edit]

  1. Cula-dukkhakkhandha Sutta - The Lesser Mass of Stress
  2. Sakka Sutta - To the Sakyans (on the Uposatha)''