Coordinates: 1°4′N 154°47′E / 1.067°N 154.783°E
Location of Kapingamarangi in the Pacific Ocean
Image of Kapingamarangi
Kapingamarangi is an atoll and a municipality in the state of Pohnpei of the Federated States of Micronesia. It is by far the most southerly atoll or island of the country and of the Caroline Islands, 300 km south of the next southerly atoll, Nukuoro, and 740 km southwest of the main island of Pohnpei state.
The total area of the atoll, including the lagoon, is 74 km². Out of this, 1.1 km² is land area, spread over 33 wooded islets on the eastern side of the atoll. The western reef rim of the atoll is almost submerged at high water.
Kapingamarangi municipal flag. The crest is also the municipal seal.
Kapingamarangi has a population of about 500 (as of 2007). Several hundred Kapingamarangi people also live in Porakied village in Pohnpei. Their language is Polynesian. The main industry is fishing. Touhou Island, which reaches a height 35 inches and is connected to Welua Island (Ueru Island) in the north by a causeway, is the capital of the municipality, the center of population and the home of a native chief. Most of the population resides on these two islets, plus on Taringa (south of Touhou), although many of the remaining islets are used for growing fruit and vegetables.
The island was occupied by the Japanese during World War II, and attacked by U.S. Navy long-range bombers. Two Japanese ships are listed on a wreck diving website.
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