Captain at sea

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Not to be confused with Sea captain. ‹See Tfd›
Hierarchy of naval officer ranks
Flag officers:

Admiral of the navy
Admiral of the fleetFleet admiralGrand admiral
AdmiralGeneral admiral
Lieutenant admiralVice admiral
Counter admiralRear admiralSchout-bij-nacht
Commodore admiralFlotilla admiral
Admiral-superintendentPort admiral

Senior officers:

CommodoreFleet captain
Post captainCaptainCaptain at sea
Captain of sea and warShip-of-the-line captain
CommanderFrigate captain
Captain of the port

Junior officers:

Corvette captainLieutenant commander
Captain lieutenantLieutenantShip-of-the-line lieutenant
Frigate lieutenantLieutenant (junior grade)Sub-lieutenant
Corvette lieutenantEnsign
Flag lieutenant

Officers in training:

Passed midshipmanMidshipman
Naval cadet

Captain at sea (German: Kapitän zur See; Dutch: kapitein-ter-zee) is a naval rank corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship.

The equivalent in other navies is ship-of-the-line captain or the naval rank of captain in the Commonwealth of Nations and USA.


Germany[edit]

Naval Ensign of Germany.svg
Kapitän zur See
MDS 53 Kapitän zur See Trp.svg MDJA 53 Kapitän zur See Trp Lu.svg MA OG5 53 Kapitän zur See.svg
shoulder board / cuff title / mounting loop
Rank insignia German officer rank
Introduction
Rank group Commissioned officers
Navy Kapitän zur See
Army / Air Force Oberst
NATO
equivalent
OF-5
Army Colonel
Navy Captain (naval)

Kapitän zur See, short KptzS/KZS, (en: Captain at sea) was and is the highest staff officer rank in the Kaiserliche Marine and the German Navy, corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship. It is equivalent to Oberst in the Bundeswehr or to Flottenarzt/Oberstarzt, Flottenapotheker/Oberstapotheker and Oberstveterinär in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.

Its rank insignia, worn on the sleeves and shoulders, are one five-pointed star above four gold stripes (without the star when rank loops are worn). It is grade A16 or B3 (when deployed to a higher position than CO of a ship) in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence. Holders of the rank commanded or command capital ships and heavy cruisers, naval schools, and the staff-officer sections of all training-schools - even the Gorch Fock is commanded by a captain at sea.

junior Rank
Fregattenkapitän
Bundeswehr Logo Marine with lettering.svg
German Navy officer rank
Kapitän zur See
senior Rank
Flotillenadmiral

Netherlands[edit]

In the Royal Netherlands Navy the rank of kapitein-ter-zee is the third grade of superior officer, equivalent to colonel in the land-forces. His insignia is made up of four bands and he commands a capital ship or a shore establishment (until recently, a kapitein-ter-zee commanded the Onderzeedienst and Mijnendienst, the Netherlands Navy's submarine and mine-laying training establishments). Smaller vessels such as destroyers and frigates are commanded by a kapitein-luitenant ter zee.

Until recently flagships of the Netherlands Navy (such as Tromp-class frigates) were also commanded by a kapitein-ter-zee. Currently De Zeven Provinciën-class frigates are commanded by a kapitein-luitenant-ter-zee.


See also[edit]

  • Flag of Belgium.svg - Kapitein-ter-zee/ Capitaine de vaisseau
  • Flag of Canada.svg - Ship-of-the-line captain/ Capitaine de vaisseau
  • Flag of Croatia.svg - kapetan bojnog broda
  • Flag of France.svg - Capitaine de vaisseau
  • Flag of Italy.svg - capitano di vascello
  • Flag of the Netherlands.svg - Kapitein ter zee
  • Flag of Portugal.svg - Capitão de Mar e Guerra
  • Flag of Spain.svg - Capitán de Navío