Kapuas Regency

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Kapuas Regency
Regency
Lokasi Kalimantan Tengah Kabupaten Kapuas.svg
Country Indonesia
Region Kalimantan
Province Central Kalimantan
Capital Kuala Kapuas
Area
 • Total 5,791 sq mi (14,999 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 329,406
Website http://www.kapuaskab.go.id/

Kapuas Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Kapuas) is one of the thirteen regencies which divide the island of Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Kuala Kapuas is the capital of Kapuas Regency. The population of Kapuas Regency is 329,406 (2010).

Geography[edit]

Kapuas Regency is the one of 17 regency/city of Kalimantan Tengah Province. Total area of Kapuas[1] regency is 14.999 Km2 or 14.999.000 Ha (9,77 percentage of regional area of Kalimantan Tengah Province) which is divided into two of big area, the ebbtide and non ebbtide area. The ebbtide area (generally in south area) is potential for food crop agriculture, while the non ebbtide area ( generally in north area) is potential for people and private rubber farm.

Area Border

Area Border of Kapuas Regency are:

a. Eastside has boundary with Barito Selatan Regency and Kalimantan Selatan Province (Barito Kuala Regency)

b. Westside has boundary with Pulang Pisau Regency

c. Northside has boundary with Gunung Mas Regency

d. Southside has boundary with Java Sea.

Topography

At the northside was hill area, with height ranged from 100 - 500 metre from sea surface and had inclination level ranged from 8 - 15 degree, and also had mountain area with inclination ranged from 15 - 25 degree. At the southside consisted of coash and marsh with height ranged from 0 - 5 metre from sea surface and had elevation 0% - 8% and also be influenced by ebbtide. This area had floods potency. Kapuas Regency also had waters territory (lake, marsh and some rivers).

Rivers in Kapuas Regency are:

1. Kapuas Murung River, with length ± 66,38 km

2. Kapuas River, with length ± 600,00 km

3. Coastal area of Java Sea, with length ± 189,85 km

Hidrology

Except the above rivers, there are 4 ( four) kanal in Kapuas Regency : Anjir Serapat with ± 28 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Banjarmasin, the region of Kalimantan Tengah with 14 km length and the region of Kalimantan Selatan with 14 km length); Anjir Kalampan with 14,5 km length(that connecting Mandomai as the capital of Kapuas Barat subdistrict with Pulang Pisau Regency that aim to Palangka Raya) Anjir Basarang with ± 24 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Pulang Pisau region) Anjir Tamban with ± 25 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Banjarmasin, the region of Kalimantan Tengah with 13 km length and the region of Kalimantan Selatan with 12 km length)

Climate[edit]

Generally, the climate of Kapuas Regency was tropic and damp with the average temperature ranged from 21 - 23 degree Celsius and the highest temperature reach up to 36 degree Celsius. The most volume of rainfall was on April, with average 1525 mm every month, while the dry season was on June to September.

Government[edit]

Kapuas Regency controls 12 subdistricts, 204 villages/wards consist of 190 villages and 14 wards. According to the category of village/ward (swadaya/tradisional, swakarya /transtitional and swasembada/ development), Kapuas Regency has 44 swadaya villages, 61 swakarya villages and 59 swasembada villages. From 204 villages/wards, there were 6 isolated villages/wards(2,94 percent) and 52 poor villages/wards (25,49 percent). According to the data in 2009, there were 190 village heads, 160 village secretaries, 950 village staffs, 14 ward heads and 14 ward secretaries.

Population[edit]

Numbers of Kapuas Regency population in 2010 are recorded 329.440 peoples, 167.937 males(50,98 percent) and 161.503 females(49,02 percent). Based on the total area, the population density rate is 21,96 peoples/km2. Selat subdistrict has the high population density rate, about 507,43 people/km2. Mandau Talawang subdistrict has the small population density rate, about 4,05 people/km2.

At year of 2002, Kapuas Regency (25 subdistrict) divided into 3 regencies (Kapuas, Pulang Pisau and Gunung Mas), so the total of population must be divided into 3 regencies. At present, the total population of Kapuas regencies (in this publication) takes the data of population from year of 1999 until year of 2010. The composition and the spreading of population still not flatten because the existence of most people lives around the capital of regency and subdistrict.

Social[edit]

Education is one of development sector that getting priority by government (referring The 1945 Constitution mandate, as stated in article no 31 point 2), with final purpose to increase quality of human resource of Indonesia. The general picture of the education condition in Kapuas Regency is reflected in quantity of schools, students and teachers. The amount of Kindergarten school is 147 schools, 390 teachers and 4.181 students in 2009. In 2010, the amount of Primary school is 390 schools (include Private school), 2.736 teachers and 40.714 students, with ratio of student to teachers about 14,88 students/teacher(one teacher teaches not more than 15 students).

Number of Junior High school (state and private school) is 86 schools, 1.085 teachers, 9.667 students and 465 classroom. Number of Senior High school (state and private school) is 25 schools, 636 teachers and 5.886 students.

The development and construction of health facilities to satisfy the need of people, like public health center (PUSKESMAS), public health sub-center (POSYANDU) annually show increasing figures. Total of the doctor in 2010 is 38 doctors, and the ratio of doctor to population was relatively at unexpected level because the doctor had to serve up to 8.669 people.

Agriculture[edit]

Agricultural sector contributes significantly to the Groos Domestic Regional Product Kapuas Regency as well as to provide jobs, and also makes Kapuas Regency becomes paddy mow for Central Kalimantan Province.

Food Crop In 2009 and 2109, productivity of food crops (wet land paddy and dry land paddy) has increased. 105.601 hectares of area harvested in 2009 has increased to 112.212 hectares of area harvested in 2109, with paddy productivity 318.177 tons in 2009 has increased to 322.393 tons in 2010(0,01 percent). Others commodity, like, tree cassava has increasing productivity, but peanuts, creep, corn, and fruits has decreasing productivity.

Estate Crops and Forestry For the sub-sector of estates crop in Kapuas Regency (rubber, coffee and coconut) shows the decreasing of productivity in 2010, its because of uncertain weather. And the increasing of productivity also happened in forestry sub-sector.

Animal Husbandry and Fishery The sub-sector of animal husbandry shows the increasing population for buffalo, egged chicken and duck, and also, the productivity of marine fisheries and inland fisheries show increasing productivity.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 3°00′00″S 114°22′48″E / 3.00000°S 114.38000°E / -3.00000; 114.38000