Kapurthala State

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Kapurthala State
ਕਪੂਰਥਲਾ
Princely State

1772–1947
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Historical era New Imperialism
 -  Established 1772
 -  Independence of India 1947
Area
 -  1901 352 km2 (136 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 314,341 
Density 893 /km2  (2,312.9 /sq mi)
Kapurthala state The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 14, p. 408–416.

Kapurthala State, with its capital at Kapurthala, was a former Princely state of Punjab, spread across 352 square miles (910 km2).

The state was ruled by the Ahluwalia dynasty, founded in 1772 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia (1718–1783), a prominent Sikh leader during the Sikh Confederacy, and also Misldar of the Ahluwalia Army (fight clans). He was born in village Ahlu or Ahluwal near Lahore, giving rise to the name of the family, Ahluwalia or ‘one from Ahlu’.[1][2]

Demography[edit]

According to the 1901 census the state had a population of 314,341 and contained two towns and 167 villages.[1]

History[edit]

[3]

Kapurthala on the Punjab (British India) map. 1909
Sultan ul Quam Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia
Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE.

Sardars[edit]

  • Jassa Singh (1777 - 20 Oct 1783) (b. 1718 – d. 1783)
  • Bagh Singh (20 Oct 1783 - 1801) (b. 1747 – d. 1801)

Badar Singh, the great-grandson of Sada Singh, married the daughter of a petty sardar of the district. Their son Jassa Singh Ahluwalia was born in 1718. Jassa Singh was barely five years old when his father died in 1723. Subsequently his mother requested Mata Sundri, the widow of Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh to take care of young Jassa.[4]

Upon growing up, she put him under the care of Sikh leader Nawab Kapur Singh. Jassa Singh soon rose in ranks and, on the eve of his death, Kapur Singh appointed him his successor in 1753. And after the capture of Lahore in 1761, Khalsa honored him with the title of Sultan-ul-Qaum (King of the whole people). He was the first one to take on the surname Ahluwalia (or Walia nowadays) and his followers use the surname Walia or Ahluwalia. He founded the state of Kapurthala in 1772, and his descendants of remained powerful chiefs of Punjab until the rise of Ranjit Singh (1780–1839).

Jassa Singh had no male heir (two daughters) and, upon his death in 1783, he was cremated at Burj Baba Atal Sahib; he was succeeded by his cousin, Bhag Singh.[5]

Rajas[edit]

  • Fateh Singh (1801 - 20 Oct 1837) (b. 1784 – d. 1837)
  • Nihal Singh (20 Oct 1837 - 13 Sep 1852) (b. 1817 – d. 1852)
  • Randhir Singh (13 Sep 1852 - 12 Mar 1861) (b. 1831 – d. 1870)

Raja-i Rajgan[edit]

  • Randhir Singh (12 Mar 1861 - 2 Apr 1870) (b. 1831 – d. 1870)
  • Kharrak Singh (2 Apr 1870 - 3 Sep 1877) (b. 1850 – d. 1877)
  • Jagatjit Singh (3 Sep 1877 - 12 Dec 1911) (b. 1872 – d. 1949)

Maharajas[edit]

In 1930, Kapurthala became part of the Punjab States Agency and acceded to Union of India in 1947.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kapurthala state The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 14, p. 408.
  2. ^ Kapurthala Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
  3. ^ http://rulers.org/indstat2.html
  4. ^ Jassa Singh Ahluwalia sikh-history.com.
  5. ^ Genealogy and History of Kapurthala (princely state) Queensland University.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°23′N 75°23′E / 31.383°N 75.383°E / 31.383; 75.383