The Kara-Suu valley is home to two towns with similar names. The first, at N 40.71 E 72.89, is divided by a Soviet-era border between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The Kyrgyz town is called Kara-Suu and is a major industrial and trade center, its Uzbek counterpart is called Qorasuv (or Il'ichovsk). After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Uzbek authorities destroyed the main bridge across the river, but cross-border trade continued via improvised ropeways that ferried goods and people across.
The Karasuu Bazaar in the Kyrgyz town of Kara-Suu is a highly important center of import of Chinese consumer goods into Southern Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, comparable with Dordoy Bazaar in Bishkek (which targets Northern Kyrgyzstan, Kazakh and Russian markets).
The permanent population of Kara-Suu, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009, was 20,862. The average age is 26.5 years old.
|Historical populations in Kara-Suu|
|Note: enumerated de facto population; Source: |
- Sebastien Peyrouse, Economic Aspects of China-Central Asia Rapprochment. Central Asia - Caucasus Institute, Silk Road Studies Program. 2007. p.18.
- Population and Housing Census 2009. Book 3 (in tables). Provinces of Kyrgyzstan: Osh Province (Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009. Книга 3 (в таблицах). Регионы Кыргызстана: Ошская область, Bishkek: National Committee on Statistics, 2010
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