Kara Darya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 40°54′N 71°45′E / 40.9°N 71.75°E / 40.9; 71.75
Kara Darya (Кара-Дарыя)
Карадарыя, Карадарья
River
Confluence of Naryn and Kara Darya NASA.jpg
Confluence of Naryn and Kara Darya seen from space (false color). Many irrigated agricultural fields can be seen.
Name origin: Kara-Darya: Kyrgyz meaning "black river"
Countries Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Tributaries
 - left Kurshab River, Abshir Say River
 - right Jazy River, Kegart River, Kara-Unkur River
Source Confluence of Tar River and Kara-Kulja River
 - coordinates 40°38′55″N 73°25′22″E / 40.64867°N 73.42275°E / 40.64867; 73.42275
Mouth Syr Darya
 - coordinates 40°54′N 71°45′E / 40.9°N 71.75°E / 40.9; 71.75
Length 177 km (110 mi)
Basin 30,100 km2 (11,622 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 121 m3/s (4,273 cu ft/s)

The Kara Darya (black river)[1] or Qaradaryo (Russian: Карадарья) is a tributary of the Syr Darya in Kyrgyzstan and eastern Uzbekistan. The river is formed by the confluence of Kara-Kulja River and Tar River. There are more than 200 known tributaries of Kara Darya; the largest are Jazy River, Kara Unkur River, Kegart River, Kurshab River, Abshir Sai River, and Aravan Sai River. Its length is 177 kilometres (110 mi), and watershed area 30,100 square kilometres (11,600 sq mi). The upper Kara Darya flows northwest across eastern Osh Province southwest of and parallel to the Fergana Range. It enters the Ferghana Valley and Uzbek territory a few miles west of Uzgen. The lower course is through the Fergana Valley, where it is used for irrigation. In the Fergana Valley its confluence with the Naryn River forms the Syr Darya, the second largest river of Central Asia. There are several dams on the river.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Darya means "river", so Kara Darya River is a tautology.

References[edit]