Kara Murat Pasha
21 May 1649-5 August 1650
11 May 1655-19 August 1655
Kara Murat Pasha or Kara Dev Murat Pasha was a mid-17th century Ottoman statesman and military officer. He served as Kapudan Pasha and twice as Grand Vizier. His epithets Kara (literally, "black") refer to his courage and Dev ("giant") to his size.
Early years 
Murat was a devshirme of Albanian origin. He distinguished himself in the early phases of Cretan War between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice. He was assigned to various posts in the Janissary corps (the professional regiments that formed the core of the Ottoman army) and in 1648, during the enthronement of Mehmed IV, he was promoted to be commander of the Janissaries (Turkish: Yeniçeri ağası). When the Ottoman Navy was defeated by the Venetians in the Battle of Focchies on 12 May 1649, the Grand Vizier Sofu Mehmet Pasha was blamed for the defeat and he was replaced by Kara Murat Pasha on 21 May.
First term as Grand Vizier 
The Ottoman Empire was undergoing a prolonged period of stagnation in the first half of the 17th century, characterized by insecure and weak sultans and palace intrigues, the so-called "Sultanate of Women". At the time of Murat's appointment as Grand Vizier, the sultan was only seven years old and the two Valide sultans (his mother Turhan Hatice and grand mother Kösem) who were acting as regents, were locked in a power struggle. While Kösem was supporting Murat, Turhan was against him. Moreover, the leaders of the Janissaries, Murat's former colleagues, were also against him. Feeling that his life was in danger, Murat resigned on 5 August 1650. Upon his suggestion he was succeeded by Melek Ahmet Pasha.
After his resignation Murat was assigned as the governor of Budin (modern Budapest, Hungary). In 1653, he returned to Istanbul and was appointed Kapudan Pasha (Grand Admiral) and tasked with transporting reinforcements and ammunition to Crete by sea. The Venetian navy was blockading the Dardanelles Strait at the time, but Murat managed to defeat the Venetians and break their blockade in the First Battle of the Dardanelles.
Second term as Grand Vizier and death 
Murat Pasha was reappointed as the Grand Vizier on 11 May 1655. His second term was very short; due to economic problems as well as opposition from the Janissaries, he had to resign on 19 August 1655. He was then assigned to the governorship of Damascus in Syria, but on the way to take up the post, he fell ill and died. It is interesting to note that in the five years between his two terms, six different pashas were appointed Grand Viziers, an indication of the political instability of the empire in the mid-17th century.
See also 
- Ayhan Buz:Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, istanbul, 2009, ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 pp105-106
- Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 103-104
Sofu Mehmet Pasha
21 May 1649 – 5 August 1650
Melek Ahmet Pasha
İpşiri Mustafa Pasha
11 May 1655 – 19 August 1655
Ermeni Süleyman Pasha