Karabair

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Karabair
Karabair on an Azerbaijani stamp
Distinguishing features Male height: 156 cm
Female height: 151 cm[1]
Alternative names Russian: Karabairskaya
Qarabair
Country of origin
Notes
Conservation status: FAO (2007): not at risk[5]
Equus ferus caballus

The Karabair, Russian: Karabairskaya, is a long-established horse breed from Central Asia, and particularly from Uzbekistan and northern Tajikistan.[1] It results from the cross-breeding of desert horses of Arabian or Turkmene type from the south with steppe horses from the north. It is a small, agile and versatile horse that can be used for riding or driving.[6] It is well suited to local horse sports, and especially to the Uzbek national game, kokpar.[1] It is also used for meat and milk production; the milk may be made into kumis.[3]

In 2003 a total population of 138,400 Karabair horses was reported by Uzbekistan.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c N.G. Dmitriev, L.K. Ernst (1989). Animal genetic resources of the USSR. FAO animal production and health paper 65. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9251025827. p. 290–91.
  2. ^ Breed data sheet: Karabair/Kazakhstan. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed October 2014.
  3. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Karabairskaya/Tajikistan. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed October 2014.
  4. ^ a b Breed data sheet: Karabairskaya/Uzbekistan. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed October 2014.
  5. ^ Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed October 2014.
  6. ^ Elwyn Hartley Edwards (1994). The encyclopedia of the horse. London; New York; Stuttgart; Moscow: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0751301159. p. 84–85.