Karabiga

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Karabiga
Town
Karabiga is located in Turkey
Karabiga
Karabiga
Location of Karabiga
Coordinates: 40°24′13″N 27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°E / 40.40361; 27.30389Coordinates: 40°24′13″N 27°18′14″E / 40.40361°N 27.30389°E / 40.40361; 27.30389
Country  Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Çanakkale
District Biga
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Karabiga[1] (Karabuga[2]) is a town in Biga District, Çanakkale Province, in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located at the mouth of the Biga River, on a small east-facing bay, known as Karabiga Bay.[3] Its ancient name was Ali (Latin)[4] or Πρίαπος (Greek).

History[edit]

Strabo mentions that the area produced fine wine and that the God Priapus gave the town its ancient name.[5] Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station.[6] In 334 BC, the town surrendered to Alexander the Great without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus.[5][7]

Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae[8] and was the site of a Byzantine fortress.[9]

During the Allied occupation following World War I, Karabiga was part of the lands that were claimed by Ahmet Anzavur in his attempt to keep the area from the Turkish nationalists. He was killed just outside of Karabiga in April 1921 by Turkish nationalists aligned with Arnavud Rahman.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Karabiğa (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ Karabuga (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  3. ^ Karabiğa Limanı (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  4. ^ Priapus (Variant) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  5. ^ a b Strabo XIII, p. 587
  6. ^ Thucydides VIII, 107
  7. ^ Arrian Campaigns of Alexander I, 13
  8. ^ Norwich, John Julius (2006) The Middle Sea: A History of the Mediterranean Doubleday, New York, page 103, ISBN 978-0-385-51023-3
  9. ^ Setton, Kenneth M.; Hazard, Harry W. and Zacour, Norman P. (1980) A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, page 241, ISBN 978-0-299-10744-4
  10. ^ Gingeras, Ryan (2009) Sorrowful Shores: Violence, ethnicity, and the end of the Ottoman Empire, 1912-1923 Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pages 106 and 118, ISBN 978-0-19-956152-0