A view of Karaj in winter (6 January 2008)
|• Total||858 km2 (331 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,312 m (4,304 ft)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|• Density||2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)|
|• Population Rank in Iran||5th|
|Time zone||IRST (UTC+3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||IRDT (UTC+4:30)|
Karaj (Persian: کرج pronunciation (help·info) pronounced [kæˈɾædʒ]) is a city in and the capital of Karaj County, Alborz Province, Iran. Its population was 1.61 million in the latest 2011 census, making it the fourth-largest city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad and Isfahan. It is situated 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Tehran, at the foothills of the Alborz mountains. The city has effectively become an extension of metropolitan Tehran.
Karaj is mostly famous because of its academic and educational complexes along with tourist attractions.
- 1 History
- 2 Climate
- 3 Karaj today
- 4 Sports
- 5 Tourism
- 6 Economy
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Photo gallery
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The Soleimanieh palace (currently housing a college of Agriculture), the mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleiman, Imamzadeh Rahman and Zeid Palang Abad-e-Eshtehard are other historical relics of the Karaj area.
|Climate data for Karaj (1985–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.2
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||30.8
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||6.3||5.7||6.7||5.8||3.7||1.0||0.7||0.3||0.3||3.2||4.8||5.8||44.3|
|Avg. snowy days||5.4||3.7||1.9||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.5||2.7||14.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||67||60||53||48||43||34||35||34||36||44||56||66||48|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||166.3||169.7||197.4||218.1||280.7||335.2||341.5||340.1||304.2||250.1||187.2||156.8||2,947.3|
|Source: Iran Meteorological Organization (records), (temperatures), (precipitation), (humidity), (days with precipitation and snow), (sunshine)|
The economical base for Karaj is its proximity to Tehran, where transportation of products between the capital and the Caspian Sea is central. Chemicals, fertilizers and processed agricultural goods are also produced here.
The majority of the population of the city is composed of ethnic Persians who are natives to the city but there are also a minority of Persianized Lurs, Persianized Azeris and Persianized Kurds.
It is connected by freeway, railway to Tehran 40 km east and Qazvin 100 km northwest, and by commuter rail to Tehran subway system (Metro).
Amir Kabir dam and small lakes are based here. Karaj's climate is a bit cooler than Tehran and it receives 260 mm of rain annually.
The downtown of Karaj is usually referred to Karaj Square, located hundred of meters to the West of Karaj River and the old Karaj Bridge.
Karaj's major districts include:
- Karaj no
- Shahin Vila
- Mehr Vila
- Dehghan Vila
- Shahrake Banafsheh
- Kalak & Hesar
- Islam Abad
- Mian Jaddeh
- heydar abad
Special Economic Zone and airport
Higher education and research
||This section's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (November 2014)|
- Islamic Azad University of Karaj
- University of Environment
- Karaj Payam Noor University 
- Kharazmi University
- Art University
- Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources of University of Tehran, located in Karaj
- Center for Research in Agriculture and Nuclear Medicine of Karaj
- Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
- Alborz High School (Alborz college)
Karaj has introduced several national players for a wide range of national teams.
Karaj has a multi-purpose stadium; the Enghelab Stadium, with capacity of 15,000 people. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home of football team, Saipa F.C.
Karaj is home to Saipa F.C. one the IPL major Football teams as of 2001. The team is registered in Tehran, but plays its games in Karaj and is called "Saipa Karaj". It is known to have one of the best youth training programs in Iranian football.
Karaj also has a Tennis Park in Jahanshahr.
The ski resorts of Dizin and Khur are situated close to Karaj in the Alborz Mountains. Besides Skiing facilities in Dizin, there are tennis courtyards, slope for skiing on turf, some altitudes for mountain climbing and walking as well as riding and some routes for cycling.
The high altitude mountains have made it easy for people in Karaj to use them as mountain trail for hiking and mountain climbing. There are also many private gyms and clubs that are being utilized.
Karaj has traditionally been considered as a tourism area particularly for the people from Tehran. Karaj has a pleasant[clarification needed] climate throughout the year. It is famous for its natural attractions. The Alborz Mountains provide a natural beauty to the landscape of Karaj.
The stony fire-temple of Takht-e-Rostam belong to Parthians and Sassanian eras, as well as the Soleimanieh palace (which is currently part of the Agriculture faculty of University of Tehran), Shah Abbasi Caravanserai, a pre-Islamic bridge and the mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleiman are among Karaj's cultural heritage.
The following are the lists of some places for outdoors activities in Karaj:
- Amir Kabir dam lake in the road of Chalus. This area is used for sports such as canoeing, fishing, water skiing, swimming and gliding.
- Khanevadeh Park - biking roads
- Road to Chaloos, which is the most beautiful road in Iran
- Jahanshahr Gardens
- Tulip Garden in Gachsar
- Tennis Park
- Iranzamin Park
- Park of Madar
- Golha Garden
- Majmue Zendegi ,Shopping Center & Coffeeshop Restaurant
- Arangeh Valley
- Varian Village – the only means of accessibility to the village of Varian is by canoe from the lake of the dam.
- Baraghan Village
- Taleghan Gardens
- Taleghan dam lake
- Dizin ski resort at an attitude of 3,800 m above sea-level in the Chaloos road
- Khuradj|Karaj River]], This river is about 220 km in length
- Yakh Morad Cave is situated in the district of Gachsar. Low temperature within the cave is as such that even till the months of May/June icicles can be still observed there.
- Pole khab valley
- Jey and Charan Villages
- Sijan Village
- Kordan Gardens
- Pich Adran Waterfall, at 15 km Chaloos road
- Wallah spring water
- Gila-gila spring water
- Shah Abbasi Caravanserai; The medieval Caravanserai in Karaj
- The stony fire-temple of Takht-e-Rostam
- Kakh-e Morvarid or kakh-e Shams (Pearl Palace) in Mehrshahr
- Ancient bridge of Karaj
- Ghale' Dehshad (Dehshad citadel)
- Ghale' Faramarz (Faramarz citadel)
- Emamzadeh Taher
- Soleimanieh palace, which is currently part of the Agriculture faculty of University of Tehran
- Emamzadeh Rahman Palang Abad,
- The mausoleum of Shahzadeh Soleiman
|This section requires expansion. (March 2014)|
Karaj is connected by Highways and railway to Tehran 40 km east and Qazvin 100 km northwest, and by commuter rail to Tehran subway system (Metro). The highway system includes three highways: Tehran-Karaj Freeway, Karaj special road (highway), Karaj old road (Fat'h highway). Tehran-Karaj Freeway (also known as the Autobahn) is the most high traffic highway in Iran.
Roads and freeways
- Mahmoud Bahmani (b. 1947), politician
- Isa Saharkhiz (b. 1953), political activist
- Shadi Amin, political activist
- Hossein Sanapour (b. 1960), writer
- Ahmad Sanjari (b. 1960), football coach
- Saied Reza Ameli (b. 1961), scholar of communication
- Mehran Rajabi (b. 1962), actor
- Fatemeh Ajorlou (b. 1966), politician
- Farshad Falahatzadeh (b. 1967), football player
- Mojtaba Taghavi (b. 1968), football player
- Naeim Saadavi (b. 1969), football player
- Leila Esfandyari (1970-2011), mountain climber
- Alireza Heidari (b. 1976), wrestler
- Ali Karimi (b. 1978), football player
- Ebrahim Sadeghi (b. 1979), football player
- Mohammad Nosrati (b. 1981), football player
- Rouhollah Dadashi (1982-2011), powerlifter
- Ebrahim Masoudi (b. 1982), futsal player
- Mehdi Mahdavi (b. 1984), volleyball player
- Ali Mohammadi (b. 1984), wrestler
- Saeed Kamali Dehghan (b. 1985), journalist
- Afshin Kazemi (b. 1986), futsal player
- Amin Manouchehri (b. 1986), football player
- Reza Mohammadi (b. 1986), football player
- Ali Kiaei (b. 1987), futsal player
- Mehrdad Pooladi (b. 1987), football player
- Milad Farahani (b. 1988), football player
Material and Energy Research Institute, Meshkin Dasht
Karaj A view from karaj city
Mehrshahr in spring
Mehrshahr in winter
- "Climate: Karaj - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "Highest record temperature in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Lowest record temperature in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Average Maximum temperature in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Average Mean Daily temperature in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Average Minimum temperature in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Monthly Total Precipitation in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Average relative humidity in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "No. Of days with precipitation equal to or greater than 1 mm in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "No. of days with snow or sleet in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Monthly total sunshine hours in Karaj by Month 1985–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Iran Railways Map
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Karaj.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karaj.|
- Karaj city portal (Persian)
- About Karaj city (Persian)
- Karaj News & Information (Persian)
- The city of Karaj
- Iran Tourism & Touring Organization
- Karaj Magazine (Persian)
- Karaj Background History (Persian)